From the Set
of the Principal Colors of Horses
“ Since (for the present) I did not succeed
with the hardest efforts … in obtaining the work completely … ”
(Th. [1856, “faithfully supported by Mister R. Weigel”] pp. 190 ff.,
but then appendix I, pp. 11-19).
“ … since this little work
is the first of its kind …
each principal color with its origins …
For the fine illumination the prints have been done on Dutch paper
(by C & I Honig) ,
because it is the most decent and best for this ”
( Johann Elias himself in his preface ,
“ still before the full publication could happen ”,
so then 1770 the posthumously publishing sons ).
Broken up here a time-marked torso of the 51-sheet work, which to disregard nevertheless
the great rarity of even individual plates
( plate sizes c. 7½-7⅝ × 5¼ in [19-19.5 × 13.5 cm]
sheet size c. 10¼ × 7⅝ in [26 × 19.5 cm] )
forbids all the more as originating from the first edition. In Weigel’s Art Stock Catalog within the Ridinger appendix (lots 62 A & B) to the 28th section (1857) only the second edition of just 40 sheet in black state and a 28-sheet torso of the same as “new colored copies” , nonetheless “Extremely rare”. And for being
“ an important evidence
for the state of equine science in the 18th century
as well as the status of the horse in the old society in general ”
(Dietrich Fröba [longstanding head of Deutsches Pferdemuseum], per Kostbarkeiten: Vorstellung der Pferde nach ihren Hauptfarben — Ein seltenes Kupferstichwerk, in Zwischen Weser und Elbe XI , 2 along with 2 color illustrations).
As exclusively created, drawn and etched/engraved by Johann Elias, all with his now and then varied plate inscription J. El. Ridinger inv. del. sc. et exc. A. V., otherwise the German-French caption.
The white margins of 2.5-3.5 cm especially far right below smudgy from turning over, but also otherwise with now more, now less touch of stains and acid-freely backed little tears and other repairs. Larger ones of the latter mentioned in each case. Presented under frame-ready acid-free bias-cut mat pictorially nonetheless of fine visual effect with a slight touch of patina.
3% from 7 items , 6% from 12 items , 10% from 20 items .
In the Ridingers’ Original Coloring
From the first of Ridinger’s
only three originally colored works
( ” For this he first chose the horses ,
which as generally known occur in very deviating coloring ”, Th. ).
The usual allusions in the trade to only two of these based on the ignorance of the existence of copies of the 2nd edition of the Ten Plates Monkeys, Th. 541-550, intended for coloring, which in this state neither Thienemann, Weigel, Schwarz (Baron Gutmann), Faber-Castell etc. ever have laid eyes upon, yet doubtlessly has been traded here in 1972. The respective number of copies of these rarities cannot be imagined small enough. Present offer in continuation of the recent separation catalog of a copy of Ridinger’s Colored Animal Kingdom ( ask for it , grab for it , enjoy it ). The latter also available in an exceptional copy.
“ Of the few
horse painters active in Germany during the 18th century
Johann Elias Ridinger is by far the most important one …
Already at the time of its creation extremely expensive and printed in small numbers on high-quality Dutch paper, this work addressed not so much the art connoisseur, but
rather the horse expert .
Thus the question arises which meaning the skin and hair color of the horse had for its breeding and the dealing with it. For once the color of the animal could be
sovereign symbol of recognition and privilege …
However, this ultimately aesthetical aspect was not the motive for Johann Elias Ridinger’s and his sons’ ambitious undertaking, but rather the fact that
the color of the animal
was regarded as an important assessment criterion
of its characteristics and its quality .
This leads us back to the beginnings of scientific occupation with the horse. When particularly the Italian captains of horse of the Renaissance compiled their knowledge in comprehensive equine manuals, they had recourse to the ancient Hippocratic theory of humors and applied this to the problem assessing horses and horse breeding. An equation developed between the four elements earth, fire, air and water with
the principal colors black , sorrel , bay , and white
and the character designations
melancholic , choleric , sanguine , and phlegmatic .
As these colors more often occur in gradations or combinations, there was a field for the captains of horse for analysis and speculation. The advancement of stud farming and the increasing systematization of breeding soon gave rise to doubts about this equation …
In his prints Ridinger strives for the representation of those character traits described within the text … Compared with the level of equine knowledge of his time Ridinger thus adopts a very conservative position … By the current state of knowledge there is
no firm relation whatever between hair color and performance or constitution .
The color of the horse , however , remains subject of
aesthetical contemplation and changing fashion trends .
Today this still is recognizable with piebald breeding … Therefore the … set of engravings is … an important evidence for the state of equine science in the 18th century as well as the status of the horse in the old society in general ”
( Dietrich Fröba , op. cit. ).
For colored the œuvre culminated
Of the Characteristics of Good and Bad Horses. Les Qualités de bons et des Mauvais Chevaux. – Thienemann 948. – “Here we see two horses … With the first edition there is (thus as here) instead of the colors the caption: Of the characteristics of good and bad horses.”
“ However, that I mention the good and bad characteristics of the horses, I consider all the more necessary since many of the same both for better or for worse adhere more or less to one of the principal colors (to the elders’ opinion), not that it has to be an inevitable fact with all; for indeed, as already mentioned, in all colors there are quite good, but also quite bad horses. Thus one cannot say that one or more characteristics attach to these or those colors, yet it is founded in experience that there is more malice with a sorrel than with a white horse, more fire, memory, briskness with a noble bay than with a black horse … ” (Ridinger). – Text passage pages 24-29 enclosed in copy. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,030 / EUR 320. / export price EUR 304. (c. US$ 368.) + shipping
The Good Build of a Horse. La beauté et les Parties exterieures du Cheval. – Th. 962. – “A Gentleman, neatly dressed, holds a fine Isabella, all over labeled with (35) figures which refer to the text … Because of the extraordinary rarity of the text ( and that even still in the appendix ! ) it will be granted to me … ” – Almost invisibly restored lateral tear affecting the subject for 4 cm up into the croup.
“ (The good build of a horse) mainly lies in that all parts are in good proportion against each other … It is indeed true that there is rarely a horse with which the judgement of the experts finds no fault, but there are some to be found with high potentates, which stand the test … ” (Ridinger). – Text passage pages 10-16 enclosed in copy . – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,031 / EUR 270. / export price EUR 257. (c. US$ 311.) + shipping
A Horse of all Faults. Lés defauts des Parties exterieures du Cheval. – Th. 964. – “A true monster one looks at with disgust only … The text p. 17-23 (enclosed in copy) points out the principal faults according to the 34 figures on the poor animal, which supposedly never will be found on one horse, but somewhere indeed.”
“ Since I have presented a perfect horse on the preceding sheet, so this shows one on which all faults can be seen. It is true, both are rare … (but) none of them is invented; however, for this representation I have chosen a horse which had some age on it, since by this the deficiency becomes even more obvious … ” (Ridinger). – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,032 / EUR 270. / export price EUR 257. (c. US$ 311.) + shipping
Black Bay. Bais brun.
“ Of the Bays .
The color of the bays shows in so many kinds that they almost cannot be described. Therefore all following designations are nothing but descents from the principal color … Yet the darker the color is, for so much the better a horse is considered above a lighter one of this kind, just as with all other colors. Hence the chestnuts hold the priority above all. They make a good appearance, have lots of fire, are intelligent, brisk, bold, and active, sanguineous, also of very resistant and healthy nature. These are equaled by the blood and plum-colored bays, except that they mostly are very fiery and choleric … ” (Ridinger). – Text passage pages 30-31 enclosed in copy each .
Light or Fawn Bay. Bais Clair ou bay lavé. – Th. 941. – “Crest, tail black, as with all bays.” – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,033 / EUR 295. / export price EUR 280. (c. US$ 339.) + shipping
Golden Bay. Bais d’ore. – Th. 942. – “Colored it is unknown to me” (only per appendix p. 14). – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,034 / EUR 295. / export price EUR 280. (c. US$ 339.) + shipping
Dapple Bay. Bais amiroir mirouetté. – Th. 944. – “Bay engraved, spotted light rust-brown on darker base. Trotting. / Lower hands and facial marking white.” – For a full-length vertical tear on the level muzzle-neck-croup as well as further damages outside of the picture mounted by old for well about the lower half. With its body hatching nevertheless interesting and via mat pictorially still quite acceptable sheet. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,035 / EUR 78. (c. US$ 94.) + shipping
Plum-colored Bay. Bais Cerise. – Th. 945. – “Trotting. Principal color dark ocher, running into cerise. A man in blue coat leads it.” – Vertical tear affecting just tail and left hind quarters, also pictorially/in color very fine, but the general state even worse than 16,035 and as a whole mounted of old. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,036 / EUR 48. (c. US$ 58.) + shipping
Blood Bay. Bais sanguin. – Th. 946. – “Steps with low-hanging head (to the left), darker, more plum-colored, than (16,036).” – Little conspicuous acid-freely done tear lower left up to below the raised forehand. Faulty besides the lower margin outside of the platemark restored already of old. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,037 / EUR 148. (c. US$ 179.) + shipping
Black Bay. Bais brun. – Th. 947. – “Dark or blackish-brown horses are much different in their kind, too” (Ridinger). – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,038 / EUR 295. / export price EUR 280. (c. US$ 339.) + shipping
Mouse-colored Black. Noir mal teint.
“ Of the Black Horses.
Among the black horses there are as excellent horses as among any color. They generally divide into 4 kinds, as 1) the coal blacks which are very good and the blackest of all. 2) The black brown bays. 3) The dull blacks, and 4) the mouse-colored blacks. The first and second kind are regarded as excellently better than the latter two … ” (Ridinger). – Text passage pages 31-32 enclosed in copy each .
Black Brown Bay. Noir Bais Brun. – Th. 950. – “… are regarded as excellent” (Ridinger), see above. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,040 / EUR 390. / export price EUR 371. (c. US$ 449.) + shipping
Dull Black. Noir ordinaire. – Th. 951. – “Dark grayish-black, without luster, standing (to the left)” (Th.) – “… while the dull and mouse-colored blacks are of a much heavier kind, and of a bad appearance, also dull and of bad strength ” (Ridinger). – Small brown spot in the sky part. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,041 / EUR 345. / export price EUR 328. (c. US$ 397.) + shipping
Coal Black. Noir get. – Th. 952. – “Raven-black, gleaming into dark slate blue, narrow facial marking and lower hands white, at the braided crest shining brass sheets – quietly standing (to the left)” (Th.). – “… the coal blacks, which are very good and the blackest of all … Therefore (they) are chosen for their lasting color, much more than others, as carriage horses, for they are not so much subjected to the change of the coat as others” (Ridinger). – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,042 / EUR 370. / export price EUR 352. (c. US$ 426.) + shipping
Mouse-colored Black. Noir mal teint. – Th. 965. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,043 / EUR 430. / export price EUR 409. (c. US$ 495.) + shipping
Sable Gray. Poil d’Etourneau.
“ Of those Gray Horses or White Horses .
These, especially the truly white horses, have a quite fine and pleasant appearance, and although otherwise they are quite tender, and of a weak complexion, so they suit a seigneur excellently for representation … ” (Ridinger). – Text passage pages 33-36 enclosed in copy each .
Fully White Horse. Cheval Blanc. – Th. 920. – “Supposedly born white, with which the hairs are milky white and glossy (therefore satin or silk white), which are rare though. He is presented leaping with neat bridle.” – Top margin tear perceptible only as minute box pleat still extending into the sky part for 2 cm and tear off below left in the likewise wide white margin, both backed of old. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,044 / EUR 265. / export price EUR 252. (c. US$ 305.) + shipping
Sable Gray. Poil d’Etourneau. – Th. 921. – “I have not seen this sheet colored …” (only per appendix p. 15). – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,045 / EUR 295. / export price EUR 280. (c. US$ 339.) + shipping
Iron Gray. Gris de fer. – Th. 922. – “Galloping (to the left), pursued by a dog … light ash-gray, shaded slate gray, main shade almost black, crest and tail blackish.” – In the lower hatching of the image hardly perceptible long tear extending up to below the dog’s belly and backed of old. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,046 / EUR 190. (c. US$ 230.) + shipping
Pike Gray. Gris couleur de brochet. – Th. 924. – “Lying, bridled, bound at one foot … Hind and fore thighs, also shading, light slate blue, crest black, the rest white.” – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,047 / EUR 295. / export price EUR 280. (c. US$ 339.) + shipping
Light Dapple Gray with White Extremities. Gris Pomelé avec les extremités blanches. – Th. 966. – “The fine horse … It is a dapple-gray …” – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,048 / EUR 295. / export price EUR 280. (c. US$ 339.) + shipping
Flea-bitten Gray. Truité noir. – Th. 967. – “Of still another kind are the flea-bitten grays, these are so to speak over and over sprinkled with smaller, or in-between also larger spots, the more such are to be found on those extremities, the mouth and scrotum, for so much better, more enduring they are regarded, especially where also crown, crest, and tail (as here not) are much or even fully black” (Ridinger). – Hardly perceptible horizontal tear up to the animal’s neck backed of old. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,049 / EUR 210. (c. US$ 254.) + shipping
Dapple Gray. Gris Pomelé. – Th. 923. – “Trotting (to the right), slate-gray, crest and tail light, blaze white.” – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,050 / EUR 320. / export price EUR 304. (c. US$ 368.) + shipping
Light Roan. Rohan Vineux. – Th. 925. – “Crest, tail black, the lighter parts of the body bluish-white, having a lilac tint, the darker ones light ruddle, fading into foxy-brown, about the knees blackish. Stepping towards us” (Th.), the head turned to the left. – “… is another kind which is designated with the name of the white horse, that is the roan. There are three kinds of these …” (Ridinger). – Tear in the top margin still minimally extending into the white upper subject backed of old. Also backed a smaller damage in the white margin below left. Upper margin verso with smoke black 5 cm wide with partial speckles to the bottom. The aforesaid minimal tear in the sky part aside, the picture itself unaffected by all this. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,051 / EUR 98. (c. US$ 118.) + shipping
Roan darkly booted. Rouhan Cap de maure. – Th. 927. – Trotting sprightly to the right beside slanting fence. “Of these (roans) there are three kinds … The second (present) kind is much darker (than 16,051), they have dark brown heads, a blackish stripe across the back up to the end of the croup, are booted black or dark brown, and have black hair: these are very healthy, durable and quite good horses, only that they are subjected to those eye complaints, like the grays, more than other horses, except for the black” (Ridinger). – Smoke/burn mark in the right top corner still slightly extending into the white plate field as not covered by the mat cut-out. Besides barely interfering little smoke spots in the white plate field and left stitching margin. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,052 / EUR 118. (c. US$ 143.) + shipping
Dark Gray with White Extremities. Gris foncé avec les extremités blanches. – Th. 968. – “A noble horse …” – The torn corner of the left white lower margin rather seamlessly backed acid-freely. White top and upper right lateral margins more perceivably age-stained. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,053 / EUR 310. / export price EUR 295. (c. US$ 357.) + shipping
Dark Gray. Gris sale. – Th. 969. – “All other kinds, as dark gray, light or dark grays, sable grays, pike and iron grays now turn lighter, now darker, but one kind always differs from the other” (Ridinger). – The tear-marked wide white lower margin backed of old. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,054 / EUR 310. / export price EUR 295. (c. US$ 357.) + shipping
Dark Head. Cap de Maure. – Th. 949. – “… ditto are the dark heads with black extremities and hairs, with which especially the head turns very dark, and to black; this kind lasts the longest, without changing much, since the other kinds of those white horses are much subjected to the change of their coat, also the older they get, especially the dapple grays, lose the dapples, and all other kinds of white horses get brighter, and finally turn quite white” (Ridinger). – Old backing of the damaged left lower margin corner extending up to 1.5 cm below the subject edge. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,039 / EUR 320. / export price EUR 304. (c. US$ 368.) + shipping
Dark Chestnut. Alzan brulé.
“ Of those Sorrels .
All sorrels are of a very hot-headed character, and so choleric that they are quite easy to raise and be infuriated; they have little patience, but indeed much malice in them, they are very resolute, spry, joyful, but soon they stay. One finds fine jumpers among them,
Liver Chestnut. Alzan brun.
for they rear especially willingly ,
also are very swift in haute écoles ”
( Ridinger ). – Text passage pages 36-37 enclosed in copy each .
Ordinary or Light Chestnut. Alzan Clair. – Th. 935. – “Raising the head, downhill, stepping quite leisurely, fine foxy-brown, crest and tail off-whitish” (Th.). – “The light chestnuts are of very many kinds, and the most common color is now lighter, now darker, most (as here, too) have white hairs, others turn into darker, yet all these are not particularly considered. For as much fire they show initially, so soon they remit as most are of no durable, but dull and soft kind” (Ridinger). – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,055 / EUR 345. / export price EUR 328. (c. US$ 397.) + shipping
Golden Chestnut. Alzan d’ore. – Th. 939. – “Wallowing …” (Th.). – “The sable and golden chestnuts are considered much more for they look quite good, also are far rarer and more durable than (16,055), and persevere longer in all works” (Ridinger). – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,056 / EUR 295. / export price EUR 280. (c. US$ 339.) + shipping
Sorrel. Alzan brulé. – Th. 936. – “Slightly darker, more auburn than (16,055), standing (to the left) beside fence, bridled” (Th.). – “The dark sorrel and liver chestnuts, however, are to be much preferred to all others, for these are very durable and indefatigable, but also very impatient and obstinate horses : yet where they once have been won and set right in breaking-in, which should be done with utmost patience, so one finds excellent horses among them” (Ridinger). – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,057 / EUR 345. / export price EUR 328. (c. US$ 397.) + shipping
Offer no. 16,058 / EUR 470. / export price EUR 447. (c. US$ 540.) + shipping
Liver Chestnut. Alzan brun. – Th. 937. – “ The dark sorrel and liver chestnuts, however, are to be much preferred to all others …” (Ridinger) , cf. 16,057. – Large tear off in the lower margin outside of image and caption, but with loss of the signature inscription backed of old. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,059 / EUR 295. / export price EUR 280. (c. US$ 339.) + shipping
Offer no. 16,060 / EUR 370. / export price EUR 352. (c. US$ 426.) + shipping
Mouse Dun. Souris.
“ Of the Duns .
Even though these horses differ very much from the aforementioned principal colors, yet there is no fifth element or complexion for them, which could have particular effects; so they are arranged among the previous, according to their brighter or darker color, closest yet and in their characteristics considered equal to those grays ” (Ridinger). – Text passage page 37 enclosed in copy each .
Isabella. Isabelle commun. – Th. 928. – “A fine horse, stepping off from us (to the right), long white crest and tail, the hands in the middle blackish, otherwise everything fine chamois” (Th.). – “Among the brighter ones belong the yellow, Isabella, silver and light dun: these always turn more into the brighter or reddish, usually have white hairs on crown, crest and tail, yet are of no strength, and therefore usually are considered dull horses” (Ridinger). – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,061 / EUR 310. / export price EUR 295. (c. US$ 357.) + shipping
Light or Yellow Dun. Cheval jaunâtre de couleur de paille. – Th. 929. – “Fine” (Th.). – “Among the brighter ones belong …”, as above. – Left and lower partly somewhat faint/cracked platemark as well as a pleat in the margin lower left precautionarily reinforced with thin acid-free material. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,062 / EUR 310. / export price EUR 295. (c. US$ 357.) + shipping
Bay Dun. Isabelle d’Oré. – Th. 930. – “Among the darker ones those, which like the dapple grays are dappled, turn into brown or black; further those which are black at the head, mouth, and those hands, also have a black crown, crest and tail, along with a black stripe across the back, are the best and most durable , likewise are the mouse duns , wolf-colored duns , the fawn or bay dun” (Ridinger). – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,063 / EUR 530. / export price EUR 504. (c. US$ 609.) + shipping
Offer no. 16,064 / EUR 345. / export price EUR 328. (c. US$ 397.) + shipping
Bay Dappled Dun. Isabelle foncé et Pomelé. – Th. 933. – As above, “… the best and most durable , likewise are the mouse duns, bay duns, the fawn or bay dun” (Ridinger). – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,065 / EUR 430. / export price EUR 409. (c. US$ 495.) + shipping
Offer no. 16,066 / EUR 345. / export price EUR 328. (c. US$ 397.) + shipping
Dun Colored. Pies Auber.
“ Of those Piebalds .
These are to be found in all kinds of the principal and decreasing colors. However, those are considered the best and finest which have at least as much dark as light color. Yet these are considered the finest … ” (Ridinger). – Text passage page 38 enclosed in copy each .
Dun Colored. Pies Auber. – Th. 953. – “A delicate horse of rare color …” (Th.) and therefore unrivaled by R.’s finest of the finest of all piebalds , see below . – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,067 / EUR 345. / export price EUR 328. (c. US$ 397.) + shipping
Light Bay Skewbald. Pie bais clair. – Th. 954. – “Bridled, galloping (to the right), light reddish ocher, gradually darker brown up to the foxy brown … crest and tail dark brown, fading into white.” – Large tear off in the lower margin outside of image and caption, but with loss of the signature inscription backed of old. Reinforced of old in addition the left lateral margin. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,068 / EUR 148. (c. US$ 179.) + shipping
Chestnut Skewbald. Pie Chastagne. – Th. 956. – “For the finest , however , are considered these which have the head, including the neck, if not fully, yet the most of it, of the darker color. If beside this the color is distributed well on the whole horse, if the hands particularly about the knees are dark both in front and back, and white below, the crown, crest and tail has more black than light color … the more then the color distributed among each other, so much better they are considered, especially those which are of three colors, but are very rare . One finds horses among them, whose characteristics are excellent, for though some do not regard this kind,
so it depends with them , as with everything ,
on the connoisseur and amateur ”
(Ridinger). – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,069 / EUR 390. / export price EUR 371. (c. US$ 449.) + shipping
Piebald. Pie noir. – Th. 958. – “Trotting , fine horse” (Th.). – “Considered the finest yet are these” as above. – Left margin entirely, the right one half way up backed of old and outside of the fine image also otherwise noticeably age-marked. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,070 / EUR 168. (c. US$ 203.) + shipping
Bay Leopard. Tigre bais.
“ Of the Leopards .
These are closest to those (piebalds), they are speckled both front and behind, especially at the head, neck and body, yet the most on the croup, with small and larger spots. The better nature distributes these (as here) among each other, the more these horses are regarded … They are very quick and fugitive, yet at the same time furious horses, impatient and unfaithful, of much fire, but remit soon, and do not persevere in the long run, thus are of more beauty than quality , and serve more for representation … This has to mentioned yet, that most leopards are not rich of hairs (as not here) on crown, crest and tail” (Ridinger).
Bay Leopard. Tigre bais. – Th. 960. – Grazing to the left. – Professional backing of old of a tear off extending up to the platemark in the upper margin, thereby backing all the wide left lateral margin, too. – Text part page 39 included in copy . – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,071 / EUR 230. (c. US$ 278.) + shipping
1959 niemeyer’s 2014
We feel fine
1959 · 55 years trustful cooperation · 2014
(Herr K. O., 6. Februar 2009)