To Beer or Not to Be©
… no question of course for
Bruiser C. Churchill
Hogarth, William (1697 London 1764). The Bruiser, C. Churchill … in the Character of a Russian Hercules. The writer Charles Churchill whose “Epistle to Hogarth” had provoked the master in the character of a strong bear,
hugging a tankard full of porter
as seemingly his sole diet, licking at the fresh head. In his left a knotted club referring to contemporary policy. The rest done by Hogarth’s favourite dog Trump trampling the epistle which he treats contemptuously in a manner not natural to the canine species. Engraving by Thomas Cook (c. 1744 – London 1818). Inscribed: Designed by W. Hogarth. / Engraved by T. Cook. / London Published by G. G. & J. Robinson Paternoster Row June 1st. 1800. 14⅞ × 11⅜ in (37.8 × 28.9 cm).
Hogarth Catalogue of the Tate Gallery, 1971/72, 220 (2nd H. state before the superposition of the palette by the print illustration, so the Cook version here, too) + Hogarth catalogue Zurich, 1983, 91 (7th state with the superposition), both with illustration.
A rarer sujet made in the rush (August 1763) for which the self-portrait of 1749 had to serve, of which he right away substituted his own head by that of Churchill. Several he added, the titles of the folio volumes – the third volume without title here, too – were adapted: Great George Street A List of the Subscribers to the North Britons + A New way to Pay old Debts, a comedy by Massenger. Also “The Line of Beauty” fell victim to grinding in face of such a stout, lusty, and rough person as Churchill is described. The print illustration now superpositioning the palette no more taken over by Cook than the caption.
Churchill, a degenerated writing clergyman, was a partisan of John Wilkes for whose North Briton Gazette he worked and which is symbolized here as club plastered with lies, slaying the cartoon.
Cook “made his mark as Hogarth engraver, too, whose complete work he has engraved in copy” (Thieme-Becker) and whose original format he maintained contrary to all later Hogarth editions in his first, earlier edition. For some sheets not published by Hogarth himself Cook became their first engraver, just as he also gained approval of a contemporary connoisseur as Maximilian Speck von Sternburg.
Excellent print of fine chiaroscuro
on solid paper.
Offer no. 7,500 / EUR 496. / export price EUR 471. (c. US$ 522.) + shipping
– – – The same. Cook’s popular later, smaller repetition. Inscribed: C. Churchill. / Hogarth pinxt. / T. Cook sculpt. / Published by Longman, Hurst, Rees, & Orme, Nov. 1st. 1807. Image size 6⅞ × 5½ in (17.5 × 14 cm). – Trimmed within the wide white margins. Its edges slightly foxing.
Offer no. 8,898 / EUR 138. (c. US$ 153.) + shipping
When Advertising & Pleasure
were not yet verboten …
Allsopp’s Garden. Beer garden with outside buffet with numerous guests sitting in the open and in an arcade, enjoying Allsopp’s Imperial Stout and India Pale-Ale and Burton Ale – par verre 20 cent. The gentlemen with cigars throughout. In front of the public house on the right side bicycle stand with two bikes with their sporting owners seated at an isolated separate table, admonished by the French call displayed on the rack below stopping hand “CYCLISTS, ONLY DRINK ALLSOPP’S STOUT.” Lithograph printed in brown. C. 1880s. 59 x 84.5 cm.
Below left revenue stamp canceled with the mark of an Antwerp company. – The usual folding marks almost invisible in consideration of the thin placard paper. Only few restored tears and a larger gap replaced by similarly toned paper in the sky.
Pictorially as stylistically fascinating poster
the figures of which are secondary compared with the advertising.
Offer no. 15,453 / EUR 1200. / export price EUR 1140. (c. US$ 1263.) + shipping
… and just for that Reason
in Nourishing Striking Statutes
the Dukes of Brunswick-Luneburg’s Attention
was meant for
Quality , Quantity & Price
of Beer & White Beer
Follow thusly Beer Statutes by the dukes Augustus William (3rd son of Duke Anton Ulrich, ruling 1714-1731, see Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie I, 664 f.) + Charles I (nephew of Emperor Charles VI, brother-in-law of Frederick the Great, founder of the Collegium Carolinum, ruling 1735-1780, see ADB XV, 266 ff.) of 1715–1766 in
oblong formats really worth framing
of c. 33.5-34.5 x 41-42.5 cm
printed exclusively on one side only
as being determined for billboards. Broadsheets each with the printed signatures of the ruling dukes and their – mostly – Prime Ministers plus the “L(oco) S(igilli)” stamp and with decorative large woodcut initial “V” in progressing design. – Various figurative watermarks.
As archieved records with centerfold unused copies of fine full typography, partly with absolutely untrimmed broad margins and of great freshness. – Deviations noted in each case.
April 20, 1723
No “foreign or alien beer” ,
not even “on Weddings / Christening /
and other Carousals” in the country
according to the edict of July 10, 1722 avoiding a penalty of 10 $ per half-barrel. With woodcut initial. With the ducal signature printed together with L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of E. D. V. (von?) Dehn. – With three wide-margined sides trimmed to 31 x 37.8 cm. Upper margin torn up to about 2 cm to the text. The several light foxing dots on the back hardly noticeable from the text side. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 12,590 / EUR 202. (c. US$ 224.) + shipping
May 28, 1740
That “the Quality (of the Brewing Food)
does not go short of anything
neither a Shorting of Beer shall arise ”
allowing the brewers “because of the present extremely expensive cereals purchase” a temporary rise in prices compulsory upon everybody since the brewers “otherwise are not able … to continue … brewing”. Comprising also the penal provision “to prepare oneself such as to have a sufficient stock of excellent beer anytime available”. With woodcut initial. With the ducal signature printed together with the L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of A. A. v. Cramm. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 12,591 / EUR 253. / export price EUR 240. (c. US$ 266.) + shipping
Who wants to conquer the North with his White Beer
acquaint himself with its sovereign statutory provisions
December 18, 1741
Anew Wheat instead of Barley for any Brew
in view of a wheat-harvest “to such a degree good” and subsequently considerably fallen prices to use again wheat instead of barley as brewing cereals. Both had been the reason for the decreed allowance of June 30, 1740, “to take barley instead of wheat for brewing”. With large woodcut initial. With the ducal signature printed together with the L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of Hieronymus von Münchhausen of the so-called White Lineage as Prime Minister. – For the addition of barley + wheat also see the decrees of the ’60s at offer nos. 12,599 ff. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 12,592 / EUR 271. / export price EUR 257. (c. US$ 285.) + shipping
May 12, 1745
Beer Price Defraudation by the Landlords
“to the great Damage of the Brewers”
It can’t be true that “the landlords in the villages claim on the brewers in the towns to deduct three to four pence of the price of each half barrel, even deduct on payment … unauthorized (and thus) reduce the beer price at their pleasure”! With large woodcut initial. With the ducal signature printed together with the L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of A. A. v. Cramm. – With 32.8 x 37.2 cm a bit smaller. – The decisive passage underlined by old hand in brown ink as well as a registration mark on the back of the same year. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 12,593 / EUR 271. / export price EUR 257. (c. US$ 285.) + shipping
October 31, 1747
Against the Beer-Carouses during Execution –
at the Expense of the Seized !
A “bad habit (spread and tolerated) in many parishes … to drink after done seizures immediately and at the expense of the seized a ton or half a barrel of beer or more … and since this habit is as unfair as detrimental to the seized”. With large woodcut initial. With the ducal signature printed together with the L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of A. A. v. Cramm. – Contemporary registration no. in brown ink in the white upper margin. – Thematically rare. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 13,075 / EUR 302. / export price EUR 287. (c. US$ 318.) + shipping
Beer-Price-Raisings by the Piece —
documented exceptionally consecutively !
November 3, 1760
For the old or the raised new Price,
if only “there is anytime sufficient supply
of good stout Beer available ! ”
“because of the present extremely expensive cereals purchase” allowing a rise in beer prices up to Michaelmas 1761, while – contrary to those decrees of May 28, 1740, Nov. 14, 1761 + Feb. 27, 1766 – brewers “are free … to sell the beer also at the price usual until now”. But woe to those where “by this or that way a shortage of or deficiency with beer may be found!”. With the ducal signature printed together with the L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of A. A. v. Cramm. – The horse of Lower Saxony in the large woodcut initial here and from now on jumping freely, thus without escutcheon, below the ducal crown. – Also see the thematically continuing decrees! – See the complete description.
Offer no. 12,596 / EUR 253. / export price EUR 240. (c. US$ 266.) + shipping
November 14, 1761
“To the Disadvantage of the Public”
Shortage of Beer in Our Country !
Facing a “shortage of beer in several places of Our country” arisen from insufficient brewing prices because of further risen prices for cereals “by another raise of the beer price … until Easter of coming year”. Obviously mandatory thus contrary to the previous decree of Nov. 3, 1760. With large woodcut initial with the freely jumping horse of Lower Saxony under the ducal crown. With the ducal signature printed together with the decorated L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of A. A. v. Cramm. – Evenly slightly browned, both the side margins not quite absolutely fresh. – Also see the thematically continuing decrees! – See the complete description.
Offer no. 12,597 / EUR 228. (c. US$ 253.) + shipping
April 26, 1762
“That the Brewers nevertheless …
cannot make Ends meet”
allowing another raise in beer prices for the districts Wolfenbüttel + Schöningen “until coming Michaelmas” in addition to that of the decree of Nov. 14, 1761 to ensure the supply of beer despite further rising cereals prices. The several prices “incl. tax and excise” fixed binding and ordering at the same time “that there shall never be any shortage of sufficient beer supply”. With large woodcut initial with the freely jumping horse of Lower Saxony under the ducal crown. With the ducal signature printed together with the L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of A. A. v. Cramm. – Also see the thematically continuing decrees! – See the complete description.
Offer no. 12,598 / EUR 239. (c. US$ 265.) + shipping
May 28, 1762
Once again a steep Rise in Beer Prices
“in view of the lasting very high barley and wheat prices (in the districts Wolfenbüttel + Schöningen)” for that there will not be brewed just at all, but also finely. Each “including tax and excise” and till end of September that year. With large woodcut initial with the horse of Lower Saxony under the ducal crown. With the ducal signature printed together with the L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of A. A. v. Cramm. – Thematically in direct continuance to the decree before and predecessor to the next. – Speaking of barley and wheat purchase see also the decree of Dec. 18, 1741. – In view of a larger typography optically especially fine. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 12,599 / EUR 253. / export price EUR 240. (c. US$ 266.) + shipping
October 8, 1762
Lower Prices –
but only after costly Ingredients are used up !
Because since end of September prices for barley and wheat “have not fallen to the degree, and provisions bought at the fomer high prices are not consumed to the degree … that the brewers would not take harm by a lowering of beer prices”. Thus the prices of the decree of May 28 of the year are “prolonged till Martinmas this year”. With large woodcut initial with the freely jumping horse of Lower Saxony under the ducal crown. With the ducal signature printed together with the L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of A. A. v. Cramm. – Speaking of barley and wheat purchase see also the decree of Dec. 18, 1741. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 13,000 / EUR 239. (c. US$ 265.) + shipping
August 28, 1764
Price — Ingredients — Amount — Now
“immediately after Publication” just as once!
re-establishing everything around beer “just after publication … the former state … since now the prices for wheat and barley have sunk so far that beer and white beer prices can again be set on just the level as was before the last war”. Within a fortnight after publication “a full report is to be made to avoid a fine of twenty dollar”. With large woodcut initial with the freely jumping horse of Lower Saxony under the ducal crown. With the ducal signature printed together with the L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of J. H. v. Bötticher. – On the purchase of wheat and barley see the decree of Dec. 18, 1741, and for the Broyhan that of May 13, 1715. – Duplicate of the Rare Book Collection of a British library. – Centerfold lightly browned. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 13,001 / EUR 253. / export price EUR 240. (c. US$ 266.) + shipping
the remarkable care
of one of the
most excellent princely houses
for both producers & consumers
of the basic food
And in the case of a yen for proclamations the obliging hint to our
quantity scale regarding uniform items :
from 7 items 3% , from 12 items 6% , from 20 items 10% , where multi-sheet sets offered in complete of one offer number always count as but one item.
In the case here gladly to be combined with presently available similar
by the Dukes of Brunswick-Luneburg. Check these , look forward also to these !
Ostade, Adriaen van (1610 Haarlem 1685). A Village Ale-House. Right in front at the table four farmers. The wife of one brooding over a letter to be written while an already drunken peasant laughs his head off about. Besides kitchen tools and grain sheaves hanging down from the garret. Steel engraving by William French (c. 1815 – East Grinstead 1898). 3rd quarter of 19th century. 6¼ × 7½ in (16 × 19 cm).
Offer no. 6,800 / EUR 76. (c. US$ 84.) + shipping
The Promise of Beer …
Hogarth, William (1697 London 1764). France. The invasion army of Louis XV. against England in 1756 during boarding. In front before the inn “To the Royal Clog” tempting with water soup the officer roasting frogs for himself while trying to inspire his shabby men for the promise of the flag:
“ VENGENCE et le BON BIER et BON BEUF de ANGLETERRE ”
Engraving by Thomas Cook (c. 1744 – London 1818). 1798. Inscribed: Plate I / Designed by W. Hogarth / Engraved by T. Cook / Published June 1.st 1798, by G. G. & J. Robinson Pater-noster Row, London., otherwise as above. 13¼ × 15¼ in (33.8 × 40 cm).
France & England I. – With the Garrick caption analogous to the text of the flag as above. – Contrary to all other later Hogarth editions in the original folio size. – Within the text and broad margins minimally foxing and in the latter a tidemark likewise.
Offer no. 7,540 / EUR 302. / export price EUR 287. (c. US$ 318.) + shipping
… makes People Happy
– England. In front of the inn “Duke of Cumberland / ‘Roast & Boil’d every Day’” requisited according to the law by the army as recruiting office a group of soldiers animated by the good board – beef + beer – caricatures the expected (1756) French enemy. On the table the text of Rule Britannia, below the tambour fluting God save great George our King. Engraving by Thomas Cook. 1799. Inscribed: Plate II. / Designed by W. Hogarth / Engraved by T. Cook / London Published by G. G. & J. Robinson Paternoster Row December 1.st 1799., otherwise as above. 12⅞ × 15¾ in (32.7 × 40 cm).
France & England II. – With the Garrick caption. – Contrary to all other later Hogarth editions in the original folio size. – Within the text and broad margins minimally foxing. A few spots in the lower picture, too.
“ See John the Soldier, Jack the Tar … Should monsieur dare come here! / The Hungry Slaves have smelt our Food, They long to taste … Old England’s Beef and Beer! ” (Garrick)
“ At this inn … to the side of the door the
image of a bottle of sturdy beer
is (to be noticed) which has blown up the cork like champagne
and foams into a glass
to invite the thirsty wanderer … ” (Lichtenberg).
Offer no. 7,541 / EUR 373. / export price EUR 354. (c. US$ 392.) + shipping
France & England together. Cook’s above original sized versions at the bargain companion price per
Offer no. 7,539 / EUR 504. / export price EUR 479. (c. US$ 531.) + shipping
– France. Cook’s smaller popular version without the Garrick caption. 1807. Subject size 5½ × 6¾ in (14.1 × 17.1 cm). – Trimmed within the wide platemark.
Offer no. 8,988 / EUR 50. (c. US$ 55.) + shipping
– England. Cook’s smaller popular version as above.
Offer no. 8,989 / EUR 66. (c. US$ 73.) + shipping
France & England together. Cook’s above smaller popular versions at the bargain companion price
Offer no. 9,511 / EUR 92. (c. US$ 102.) + shipping
A Beerless , a Horrible Time
– – Prison Scene. The new inevitable station in Rakewell’s life. The boy will have to take back the foaming jug of porter since he cannot even pay his footing to the also entering jailer, as even the play on the little table beside him has been rejected by John Rich as the then director of Covent Garden. In the background at the live stove of his fully functional laboratory an alchemist unperturbed in search for gold. On the left the faithful Sarah Young with her little daughter. A smelling-bottle shall give new courage to the faint first, offered by a helpful guy who also endeavors elsewhere as the
memorandum for the national procurement of money
slipped from hands proves. Engraving by Thomas Cook as above. Inscribed: Designed by Wm. Hogarth / Engraved by T. Cook / Published Aprl. 1st. 1797, by G. G. & J. Robinson, Pater-noster Row, London. / Pl. VII. 14⅛ × 16½ in (35.8 × 42 cm).
The Rake’s Progress VII. – With multi-verse caption. – Cook “made his mark as Hogarth engraver, too” (Thieme-Becker) whose original folio size he kept contrary to all later Hogarth editions. Worth mentioning fine the chiaroscuro of his present sheet.
Hogarth’s grandiose depiction of the execution of a sentence at insolvents
full of charming details. It is a beerless, a horrible time. And experienced by the master himself indirectly or directly. Since according to Meyers Konversations-Lexikon, 4th ed., VIII, 624, his landlady brought him into the notorious Fleet prison for unpaid debts – and received her appropriate memorial in due time. The catalogue Zurich of 1983, however, just mentions the father’s imprisonment.
Yet in spite of all also a time of unbroken hopes as embodied not only by the said falling memorandum, but far more so by the alchemist untouched by the rest of the lively company:
“ … who has a pot on the fire not just for the best of the nation, but whole mankind. The philosophical patience in the man’s face and whole bearing has something really agreeable indeed; one sees he has learned waiting, an art which is so necessary with any other business in the world than in making gold … The friendship between the man and his stove is touching indeed if one considers that both sit here just because of their relation, and each probably could have been something far better without the other. Nevertheless they stick together, like from one piece … and feed each other reciprocally with hopes and coals until the day of the answer to the great problem. Impossibly this day can be far … ”
Offer no. 7,518 / EUR 496. / export price EUR 471. (c. US$ 522.) + shipping
– – – The same in the smaller repetition Cook worked together with his son without the caption replaced by the series title here. Inscribed: Pl. VIII. / Hogarth pinxt. / T. Cook & Son sc. / Published by Longman, Hurst, Rees, & Orme, Septr. 1st. 1808. Subject size 5¾ × 6¾ in (14.5 × 17.2 cm). – Trimmed within the wide white platemark.
Offer no. 8,729 / EUR 84. (c. US$ 93.) + shipping
– – – The same in steel engraving about 1840. 5 × 6 in (12.8 × 15.1 cm). – With the title in German.
Offer no. 5,804 / EUR 43. (c. US$ 48.) + shipping
niemeyer’s — where hogarth’s topicality is at home
„ ich habe mich nun doch entschlossen, den Ridinger zu veräußern und bitte um Zusendung des angebotenen freigemachten Verpackungsmaterials … (Und) ich danke Ihnen für die ausführliche Anleitung zum Verpacken des Ridingers .... (Und) Ihnen nochmals für die äußerst angenehme Kommunikation dankend … (Und) das Geld ist bereits auf meinem Konto angekommen, das ging ja wirklich schnell, vielen Dank dafür … “
(Herr C. S., 15., 18., 29. + 30. Dezember 2009)