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To  Beer  or  Not  to  Be©

 

William Hogarth, The Bruiser C. Churchill

… no  question  of  course  for

Bruiser  C.  Churchill

Hogarth, William (1697 London 1764). The Bruiser, C. Churchill … in the Character of a Russian Hercules. The writer Charles Churchill whose “Epistle to Hogarth” had provoked the master in the character of a strong bear,

hugging  a  tankard  full  of  porter

as seemingly his sole diet, licking at the fresh head. In his left a knotted club referring to contemporary politics. The rest done by Hogarth’s favourite dog Trump trampling the epistle which he treats contemptuously in a manner not natural to the canine species. Engraving by Thomas Cook (c. 1744 – London 1818). Inscribed: Designed by W. Hogarth. / Engraved by T. Cook. / London Published by G. G. & J. Robinson Paternoster Row June 1st. 1800. 14⅞ × 11⅜ in (37.8 × 28.9 cm).

Hogarth Catalogue of the Tate Gallery, 1971/72, 220 (2nd H. state before the superposition of the palette by the print illustration, so the Cook version here, too) + Hogarth catalogue Zurich, 1983, 91 (7th state with the superposition), both with illustration.

A rarer sujet made in the rush (August 1763) for which the self-portrait of 1749 had to serve, of which he right away substituted his own head by that of Churchill. Several he added, the titles of the folio volumes – the third volume without title here, too – were adapted: Great George Street A List of the Subscribers to the North Britons + A New way to Pay old Debts, a comedy by Massenger. Also “The Line of Beauty” fell victim to grinding in face of such a stout, lusty, and rough person as Churchill is described. The print illustration now superpositioning the palette no more taken over by Cook than the caption.

Churchill, a degenerated writing clergyman, was a partisan of John Wilkes for whose North Briton Gazette he worked and which is symbolized here as club plastered with lies, slaying the cartoon.

Cook “made his mark as Hogarth engraver, too, whose complete work he has engraved in copy” (Thieme-Becker) and whose original format he maintained contrary to all later Hogarth editions in his first, earlier edition. For some sheets not published by Hogarth himself Cook became their first engraver, just as he also gained approval of a contemporary connoisseur as Maximilian Speck von Sternburg.

Excellent  print  of  fine  chiaroscuro

on solid paper.

Offer no. 7,500 / EUR  496. / export price EUR  471. (c. US$ 570.) + shipping

– – – The same. Cook’s popular later, smaller repetition. Inscribed: C. Churchill. / Hogarth pinxt. / T. Cook sculpt. / Published by Longman, Hurst, Rees, & Orme, Nov. 1st. 1807. Image size 6⅞ × 5½ in (17.5 × 14 cm). – Trimmed within the wide white margins. Its edges slightly foxing.

Offer no. 8,898 / EUR  138. (c. US$ 167.) + shipping

When  Advertising  &  Pleasure

were  not  yet  verboten …

Allsopp’s Garden. Beer garden with outside buffet with numerous guests sitting in the open and in an arcade, enjoying Allsopp’s Imperial Stout and India Pale-Ale and Burton Ale – par verre 20 cent. The gentlemen with cigars throughout. In front of the public house on the right side bicycle stand with two bikes with their sporting owners seated at an isolated separate table, admonished by the French call displayed on the rack below stopping hand “CYCLISTS, ONLY DRINK ALLSOPP’S STOUT.” Lithograph printed in brown. C. 1880s. 23¼ × 33¼ in (59 × 84.5 cm).

Allsopp's Garden

Below left revenue stamp canceled with the mark of an Antwerp company. – The usual folding marks almost invisible in consideration of the thin placard paper. Only few restored tears and a larger gap replaced by similarly toned paper in the sky.

Pictorially  as  stylistically  fascinating  poster

the figures of which are secondary compared with the advertising.

Offer no. 15,453 / EUR  1200. / export price EUR  1140. (c. US$ 1379.) + shipping

Initial "V"

… and  just  for  that  Reason

in  Nourishing  Striking  Statutes

the  Dukes  of  Brunswick-Luneburg’s  Attention

was  meant  for

Quality , Quantity  &  Price

of  Beer  &  White  Beer

Follow thusly Beer Statutes by the dukes Augustus William (3rd son of Duke Anton Ulrich, ruling 1714-1731, see Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie I, 664 f.) + Charles I (nephew of Emperor Charles VI, brother-in-law of Frederick the Great, founder of the Collegium Carolinum, ruling 1735-1780, see ADB XV, 266 ff.) of 1715–1766 in

oblong  formats  really  worth  framing

of c. 13¼-13⅝ × 16⅛-16¾ in (33.5-34.5 × 41-42.5 cm)

printed exclusively on  one  side  only

as being determined for billboards. Broadsheets each with the printed signatures of the ruling dukes and their – mostly – Prime Ministers plus the “L(oco) S(igilli)” stamp and with decorative large woodcut initial “V” in progressing design. – Various figurative watermarks.

As archieved records with centerfold unused copies of fine full typography, partly with absolutely untrimmed broad margins and of great freshness. – Deviations noted in each case.

 

April 20, 1723

No  “foreign  or  alien  beer” ,

not  even  “on  Weddings / Christening /

and  other  Carousals”  in  the  country

according to the edict of July 10, 1722 avoiding a penalty of 10 $ per half-barrel. With woodcut initial. With the ducal signature printed together with L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of E. D. V. (von?) Dehn. – With three wide-margined sides trimmed to 12¼ × 14⅞ in (31 × 37.8 cm). Upper margin torn up to about 2 cm to the text. The several light foxing dots on the back hardly noticeable from the text side. – See the complete description.

Offer no. 12,590 / EUR  202. (c. US$ 244.) + shipping

May 28, 1740

That “the Quality (of the Brewing Food)

does not go short of anything

neither  a  Shorting  of  Beer  shall  arise ”

allowing the brewers “because of the present extremely expensive cereals purchase” a temporary rise in prices compulsory upon everybody since the brewers “otherwise are not able … to continue … brewing”. Comprising also the penal provision “to prepare oneself such as to have a sufficient stock of excellent beer anytime available”. With woodcut initial. With the ducal signature printed together with the L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of A. A. v. Cramm. – See the complete description.

Offer no. 12,591 / EUR  253. / export price EUR  240. (c. US$ 290.) + shipping

Who  wants  to  conquer  the  North  with  his  White  Beer

should  indeed

acquaint  himself  with  its  sovereign  statutory  provisions

December 18, 1741

Anew  Wheat  instead  of  Barley  for  any  Brew

in view of a wheat-harvest “to such a degree good” and subsequently considerably fallen prices to use again wheat instead of barley as brewing cereals. Both had been the reason for the decreed allowance of June 30, 1740, “to take barley instead of wheat for brewing”. With large woodcut initial. With the ducal signature printed together with the L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of Hieronymus von Münchhausen of the so-called White Lineage as Prime Minister. – For the addition of barley + wheat also see the decrees of the ’60s at offer nos. 12,599 ff. – See the complete description.

Offer no. 12,592 / EUR  271. / export price EUR  257. (c. US$ 311.) + shipping

May 12, 1745

Beer  Price  Defraudation  by  the  Landlords

“to  the  great  Damage  of  the  Brewers”

It can’t be true that “the landlords in the villages claim on the brewers in the towns to deduct three to four pence of the price of each half barrel, even deduct on payment … unauthorized (and thus) reduce the beer price at their pleasure”! With large woodcut initial. With the ducal signature printed together with the L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of A. A. v. Cramm. – With 12⅞ × 14⅝ in (32.8 × 37.2 cm) a bit smaller. – The decisive passage underlined by old hand in brown ink as well as a registration mark on the back of the same year. – See the complete description.

Offer no. 12,593 / EUR  271. / export price EUR  257. (c. US$ 311.) + shipping

Decree on beer-carouses during execution

October 31, 1747

Against  the  Beer-Carouses  during  Execution  –

at  the  Expense  of  the  Seized !

A “bad habit (spread and tolerated) in many parishes … to drink after done seizures immediately and at the expense of the seized a ton or half a barrel of beer or more … and since this habit is as unfair as detrimental to the seized”. With large woodcut initial. With the ducal signature printed together with the L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of A. A. v. Cramm. – Contemporary registration no. in brown ink in the white upper margin. – Thematically rare. – See the complete description.

Offer no. 13,075 / EUR  302. / export price EUR  287. (c. US$ 347.) + shipping

Beer-Price-Raisings  by  the  Piece  —

documented  exceptionally  consecutively !

 

November 3, 1760

For  the  old  or  the  raised  new  Price,

if  only  “there  is  anytime  sufficient  supply

of  good  stout  Beer  available ! ”

“because of the present extremely expensive cereals purchase” allowing a rise in beer prices up to Michaelmas 1761, while – contrary to those decrees of May 28, 1740, Nov. 14, 1761 + Feb. 27, 1766 – brewers “are free … to sell the beer also at the price usual until now”. But woe to those where “by this or that way a shortage of or deficiency with beer may be found!”. With the ducal signature printed together with the L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of A. A. v. Cramm. – The horse of Lower Saxony in the large woodcut initial here and from now on jumping freely, thus without escutcheon, below the ducal crown. – Also see the thematically continuing decrees! – See the complete description.

Offer no. 12,596 / EUR  253. / export price EUR  240. (c. US$ 290.) + shipping

November 14, 1761

“To  the  Disadvantage  of  the  Public”

Shortage  of  Beer  in  Our  Country !

Facing a “shortage of beer in several places of Our country” arisen from insufficient brewing prices because of further risen prices for cereals “by another raise of the beer price … until Easter of coming year”. Obviously mandatory thus contrary to the previous decree of Nov. 3, 1760. With large woodcut initial with the freely jumping horse of Lower Saxony under the ducal crown. With the ducal signature printed together with the decorated L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of A. A. v. Cramm. – Evenly slightly browned, both the side margins not quite absolutely fresh. – Also see the thematically continuing decrees! – See the complete description.

Offer no. 12,597 / EUR  228. (c. US$ 276.) + shipping

April 26, 1762

“That  the  Brewers  nevertheless …

cannot  make  Ends  meet”

allowing another raise in beer prices for the districts Wolfenbüttel + Schöningen “until coming Michaelmas” in addition to that of the decree of Nov. 14, 1761 to ensure the supply of beer despite further rising cereals prices. The several prices “incl. tax and excise” fixed binding and ordering at the same time “that there shall never be any shortage of sufficient beer supply”. With large woodcut initial with the freely jumping horse of Lower Saxony under the ducal crown. With the ducal signature printed together with the L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of A. A. v. Cramm. – Also see the thematically continuing decrees! – See the complete description.

Offer no. 12,598 / EUR  239. (c. US$ 289.) + shipping

May 28, 1762

Once  again  a  steep  Rise  in  Beer  Prices

“in view of the lasting very high barley and wheat prices (in the districts Wolfenbüttel + Schöningen)” for that there will not be brewed just at all, but also finely. Each “including tax and excise” and till end of September that year. With large woodcut initial with the horse of Lower Saxony under the ducal crown. With the ducal signature printed together with the L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of A. A. v. Cramm. – Thematically in direct continuance to the decree before and predecessor to the next. – Speaking of barley and wheat purchase see also the decree of Dec. 18, 1741. – In view of a larger typography optically especially fine. – See the complete description.

Offer no. 12,599 / EUR  253. / export price EUR  240. (c. US$ 290.) + shipping

October 8, 1762

Lower  Prices  –

but  only  after  costly  Ingredients  are  used  up !

Because since end of September prices for barley and wheat “have not fallen to the degree, and provisions bought at the fomer high prices are not consumed to the degree … that the brewers would not take harm by a lowering of beer prices”. Thus the prices of the decree of May 28 of the year are “prolonged till Martinmas this year”. With large woodcut initial with the freely jumping horse of Lower Saxony under the ducal crown. With the ducal signature printed together with the L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of A. A. v. Cramm. – Speaking of barley and wheat purchase see also the decree of Dec. 18, 1741. – See the complete description.

Offer no. 13,000 / EUR  239. (c. US$ 289.) + shipping

August 28, 1764

Price — Ingredients — Amount — Now

“immediately  after  Publication”  just  as  once!

re-establishing everything around beer “just after publication … the former state … since now the prices for wheat and barley have sunk so far that beer and white beer prices can again be set on just the level as was before the last war”. Within a fortnight after publication “a full report is to be made to avoid a fine of twenty dollar”. With large woodcut initial with the freely jumping horse of Lower Saxony under the ducal crown. With the ducal signature printed together with the L(oco) S(igilli) mark and that of J. H. v. Bötticher. – On the purchase of wheat and barley see the decree of Dec. 18, 1741, and for the Broyhan that of May 13, 1715. – Duplicate of the Rare Book Collection of a British library. – Centerfold lightly browned. – See the complete description.

Offer no. 13,001 / EUR  253. / export price EUR  240. (c. US$ 290.) + shipping

Conclusion :

the  remarkable  care
of  one  of  the
most  excellent  princely  houses
for  both  producers  &  consumers
of  the  basic  food

Beer

And  in  the  case  of  a  yen  for  proclamations  the obliging hint to our

quantity  scale  regarding  uniform  items :

from 7 items 3% , from 12 items 6% , from 20 items 10% , where multi-sheet sets offered in complete of one offer number always count as but one item.

In the case here gladly to be combined with presently available similar

hunting  proclamations

by the Dukes of Brunswick-Luneburg. Check  these , look  forward  also  to  these !

Adriaen van Ostade, Village Ale-House

Ostade, Adriaen van (1610 Haarlem 1685). A Village Ale-House. Right in front at the table four farmers. The wife of one brooding over a letter to be written while an already drunken peasant laughs his head off about. Besides kitchen tools and grain sheaves hanging down from the garret. Steel engraving by William French (c. 1815 – East Grinstead 1898). 3rd quarter of 19th century. 6¼ × 7½ in (16 × 19 cm).

Offer no. 6,800 / EUR  76. (c. US$ 92.) + shipping

The  Promise  of  Beer …

Hogarth, William (1697 London 1764). France. The invasion army of Louis XV. against England in 1756 during boarding. In front before the inn “To the Royal Clog” tempting with water soup the officer roasting frogs for himself while trying to inspire his shabby men for the promise of the flag:

“ VENGENCE  et  le  BON  BIER  et  BON  BEUF  de  ANGLETERRE ”

Engraving by Thomas Cook (c. 1744 – London 1818). 1798. Inscribed: Plate I / Designed by W. Hogarth / Engraved by T. Cook / Published June 1.st 1798, by G. G. & J. Robinson Pater-noster Row, London., otherwise as above. 13¼ × 15¼ in (33.8 × 40 cm).

William Hogarth, Frankreich

France & England I. – With the Garrick caption analogous to the text of the flag as above. – Contrary to all other later Hogarth editions in the original folio size. – Within the text and broad margins minimally foxing and in the latter a tidemark likewise.

Offer no. 7,540 / EUR  302. / export price EUR  287. (c. US$ 347.) + shipping

… makes  People  Happy

– England. In front of the inn “Duke of Cumberland / ‘Roast & Boil’d every Day’” requisited according to the law by the army as recruiting office a group of soldiers animated by the good board – beef + beer – caricatures the expected (1756) French enemy. On the table the text of Rule Britannia, below the tambour fluting God save great George our King. Engraving by Thomas Cook. 1799. Inscribed: Plate II. / Designed by W. Hogarth / Engraved by T. Cook / London Published by G. G. & J. Robinson Paternoster Row December 1.st 1799., otherwise as above. 12⅞ × 15¾ in (32.7 × 40 cm).

France & England II. – With the Garrick caption. – Contrary to all other later Hogarth editions in the original folio size. – Within the text and broad margins minimally foxing. A few spots in the lower picture, too.

“ See John the Soldier, Jack the Tar … Should monsieur dare come here! / The Hungry Slaves have smelt our Food,  They  long  to  taste … Old England’s Beef and  Beer! ” (Garrick)

“ At this inn … to the side of the door the

image  of  a  bottle  of  sturdy  beer

William Hogarth, England

is (to be noticed) which has blown up the cork like champagne

and  foams  into  a  glass

to invite the thirsty wanderer … ” (Lichtenberg).

Offer no. 7,541 / EUR  373. / export price EUR  354. (c. US$ 428.) + shipping

France & England together. Cook’s above original sized versions at the bargain companion price per

Offer no. 7,539 / EUR  504. / export price EUR  479. (c. US$ 579.) + shipping

– France. Cook’s smaller popular version without the Garrick caption. 1807. Subject size 5½ × 6¾ in (14.1 × 17.1 cm). – Trimmed within the wide platemark.

Offer no. 8,988 / EUR  50. (c. US$ 60.) + shipping

– England. Cook’s smaller popular version as above.

Offer no. 8,989 / EUR  66. (c. US$ 80.) + shipping

France & England together. Cook’s above smaller popular versions at the bargain companion price

Offer no. 9,511 / EUR  92. (c. US$ 111.) + shipping

A  Beerless , a  Horrible  Time

– – Prison Scene. The new inevitable station in Rakewell’s life. The boy will have to take back the foaming jug of porter since he cannot even pay his footing to the also entering jailer, as even the play on the little table beside him has been rejected by John Rich as the then director of Covent Garden. In the background at the live stove of his fully functional laboratory an alchemist unperturbed in search for gold. On the left the faithful Sarah Young with her little daughter. A smelling-bottle shall give new courage to the faint first, offered by a helpful guy who also endeavors elsewhere as the

memorandum  for  the  national  procurement  of  money

slipped from hands proves. Engraving by Thomas Cook as above. Inscribed: Designed by Wm. Hogarth / Engraved by T. Cook / Published Aprl. 1st. 1797, by G. G. & J. Robinson, Pater-noster Row, London. / Pl. VII. 14⅛ × 16½ in (35.8 × 42 cm).

The Rake’s Progress VII. – With multi-verse caption. – Cook “made his mark as Hogarth engraver, too” (Thieme-Becker) whose original folio size he kept contrary to all later Hogarth editions. Worth mentioning fine the chiaroscuro of his present sheet.

William Hogarth, Schuldturm

Hogarth’s  grandiose  depiction  of  the  execution  of  a  sentence  at  insolvents

full of charming details. It is a beerless, a horrible time. And experienced by the master himself indirectly or directly. Since according to Meyers Konversations-Lexikon, 4th ed., VIII, 624, his landlady brought him into the notorious Fleet prison for unpaid debts – and received her appropriate memorial in due time. The catalogue Zurich of 1983, however, just mentions the father’s imprisonment.

Yet in spite of all also a time of unbroken hopes as embodied not only by the said falling memorandum, but far more so by the alchemist untouched by the rest of the lively company:

“ … who has a pot on the fire not just for the best of the nation, but whole mankind. The philosophical patience in the man’s face and whole bearing has something really agreeable indeed; one sees he has learned waiting, an art which is so necessary with any other business in the world than in making gold … The friendship between the man and his stove is touching indeed if one considers that both sit here just because of their relation, and each probably could have been something far better without the other. Nevertheless they stick together, like from one piece … and feed each other reciprocally with hopes and coals until the day of the answer to the great problem. Impossibly this day can be far … ”

(Lichtenberg).

Offer no. 7,518 / EUR  496. / export price EUR  471. (c. US$ 570.) + shipping

– – – The same in the smaller repetition Cook worked together with his son without the caption replaced by the series title here. Inscribed: Pl. VIII. / Hogarth pinxt. / T. Cook & Son sc. / Published by Longman, Hurst, Rees, & Orme, Septr. 1st. 1808. Subject size 5¾ × 6¾ in (14.5 × 17.2 cm). – Trimmed within the wide white platemark.

Offer no. 8,729 / EUR  84. (c. US$ 102.) + shipping

– – – The same in steel engraving about 1840. 5 × 6 in (12.8 × 15.1 cm). – With the title in German.

Offer no. 5,804 / EUR  43. (c. US$ 52.) + shipping

niemeyer’s — where  hogarth’s  topicality  is  at  home


„ Vielen Dank für Alles, liebe Grüße und schönes Wochenende von der Mosel Herzlichst “

(Frau A. B., 4. April 2003)