after  the  party  is  before  the  hangover

1730  in  Merry  Old  England

“ is  so  much  immersed  in  the  flames

which  rage  on  the  (southern)  continent

William Hogarth, The Politician

that  he  does  not  notice

the  closer  flame

which  threatens  him .”

2011  in  Good  Old  Germany

« The  (above)  figure  is  a  man  from  the  middle  classes …

  It  shall  be  the  portrait  of  a  trimmings  maker

and  be  from  the  year  1730

as  one  can  see  from  the  clothes  and  the  rapier .

For  English  commentators  say  with  regard  to  the  latter :

in  those  years  the  tradesmen  had  all  carried  that  weapon

to  protect  themselves  and  their  property  against  thieves

by  which

with  worse  police , as  later ,

the  streets  of  the  capital

had  become  highly  insecure »

Georg Christoph Lichtenberg


William  Hogarth

1697 London 1764

“ … unrivall’d  stands  and  shall  engage

Unrivall’d  praise  to  the  most  distant  age ”

Charles Churchill
An Epistle to William Hogarth

The Politician. Reading the newspaper, holding the candle close to his eyes for better reading while not becoming aware of how it burns through his hat. Engraving by Thomas Cook (c. 1744 – London 1818). Inscribed: Hogarth pinxt. / T. Cook sculpt. / Published by Longman, Hurst, Rees, & Orme, July 1st. 1809., otherwise as above. Subject size 7 × 5⅝ in (17.8 × 14.3 cm). – Illustration above

Cook’s (“made his mark as Hogarth engraver, too”, Thieme-Becker) smaller version. – Trimmed within the wide white platemark. – Barely perceptible slight fold in the lower image/platemark.

Published posthumously only the drawing alludes to the circumstances about 1730. The politician – by the way the then well-known London lace dealer Tibson – looking fascinatedly at the continental events of which the paper reports, while

disregarding  his  own  nearest  problems

indicated  by  his  burning  hat .

“ As everybody knows the English were the only nation in Europe in the past century up to the French revolution of which the greater populace could take a vivid interest in political events due to the circumstances which resulted from the constitution and the laws … Thus (Hogarth) has drawn here a figure at which still others can be edified by in states in which

the  proper  people  are  not  granted  any  part  in  the  administration

no  more  than  an  opinion  about  it …

By the way this idea (of the hat catching fire at the reading) was not new; for there is a quite well-known caricature on William III (a painting by Schalchen) who sets fire to his hat by reading dispatches, an image the Tory party staged against the king,

who  threw  the  influence  and  the  power  of  England

into  the  scales

to check the ambition of Louis XIV on continental Europe. By it it should be said that

the  king  pays  more  attention  to  the  affairs  of  foreign  countries

than  the … danger … which  menaces  in  the  interior  of  the  state


which  he  causes  just  by  his  exterior  politics ”


Offer no. 9,004 / EUR  189. (c. US$ 206.) + shipping

« My  Lord ,

what  shall  become  of  Germany »

Konrad Adenauer

« Germany ,

the  cheeks  colored  up  hectically ,

staggered  then  on  the  height …

Today  it  tumbles …

over  one  eye  the  hand

and  with  the  other

staring  down

into  the  horror …

When  will … a  wonder

which  is  beyond  faith ,

the  light  of  hope  dawn ?

A  lonely  man

folds  his  hands

and  says :

God  may  be  merciful  to  your  poor  soul ,

my  friend , my  fatherland »

Thomas Mann

Doctor Faustus

Berlin, Aufbau-Verlag, 1954

page 690

“ As

you  make  your  bed

William Hogarth, Tail Piece / The Bathos

so  you  lie  there ”

Bert Brecht , Rise  and  Fall  of the City of Mahagonny , 1930.

Mahagonny , where it is deadly sin not to have money.

And Jimmy , their lawmaker , has none anymore in the end.

Honi  soit  qui  mal  y  pense

Tail Piece. / The Bathos, or Manner of Sinking, in Sublime Paintings, inscribed to the Dealers in Dark Pictures. The end of Everything. Engraving by Thomas Cook (c. 1744 – London 1818). 1798. Inscribed: Designed by W. Hogarth. / Engraved by T. Cook. / Published by G. G. & J. Robinson Pater-noster Row December 1st. 1708. (recte 1808), otherwise as above. 13⅜ × 14½ in (34 × 36.7 cm).

« Will  the  crisis

of  the  monetary  union  lead  to  a  political  union ?

At  least  the  governments  of  the  eurozone

set  the  course  for  this  direction .

Yet  no  one  talks

of  a  European  constitution  or  a  European  parliament

elected  on  democratic  principles

( one  person – one  vote ) .

The  louder  European  solidarity  is  conjured  up .

Actually  solidarity  is  turned  upside  down

if  countries  like  Slovenia  shall  pay

for  heavily  indebted  countries  with  higher  standard  of  living …

Who  wants  to  introduce  the  political  union

on  crooked  ways

could  ultimately  divide  Europe »

Holger Steltzner

Crisis of the Monetary Union: Europe on Dangerous Paths

Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung

October 12, 2011

Hogarth catalogue of the Tate Gallery, 1971/72, 222, + Hogarth catalogue Zurich, 1983, 94, both the Hogarth version of 1764 and with ills.; Christoph Wulf, Dying Time, in Anthropology. A Continental Perspective, 2013, p. 133, ill. 5.1 (this copy). – Extensive caption with – besides verses by Tacitus and Maximus Tyrius – important reference to Analysis of Beauty by two cone figures on the sides. While the right one quotes figure 26 of that the similar left one is new since

“ did not occur to the Author, till two or three Years after his publication of the Analysis, in 1754 ” (recte 1753). It is

“ The Conic Form in which the Goddess of Beauty was worshipd by the Ancients at Paphos in ye Island of Cyprus. / See the Medals struck when a Roman Emperer visited the Temple. ”

In their intactness these cones have only seemingly nothing in common with the main picture above. For

“ The allegory has also a personal application. Hogarth characteristically regarded the eclipse of his artistic ideal and his own decline as the collapse of the universe and the end of the world. Time expiring bequeaths every atom of himself to Chaos. His testament is witnessed by the Fates ”

(Cat. Tate Gallery). And the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung of Nov. 8, 1997:

“ Rarely  an  artist  has  said  goodbye  to  the  world  that  movingly. ”

It is Hogarth’s last graphic work, seven months before his death. Artistically a recourse to Salvator Rosa the title is based on Pope’s poetical counterpart “Peri Bathous” as itself “a parody of Longinus’ ‘Peri Hypsous’”. Correspondingly Lichtenberg overweighs this aspect compared with the ultimate message:

“ A ridicule of the so-called academic school of painters ... As known they pleased with allegories and compositions mixing up mythology of the ancient ages and newer conditions. ”

The  scenery  itself  of  an  unheard  of  radicalism .

Since also and especially those attributes otherwise signaling the ending of the times are affected by the ruin: Scythe and hourglass are broken here as are crown, pipe, palette, bottle, bell, the pub “The Worlds End” with the burning globe as its plate, the church as several other symbols of Vanitas. The clock lost its hands, the trees are as dead as the hanged man – and Phoebus in the burning celestial chariot together with his horses,

all  of  them  tumbling  down  to  the  bottomless  abyss .

Finally Saturn himself as god of the time – the winged death – as of the wealth founded by agriculture breathes his last “Finis” while his last will – witnessed by the three Fates Clotho, Lachesis, Atropos – slips from his hand: All and every Atom there of to Chaos. Shortly “H. Nature

Bankrupt “.

With the exception of the man in the thin crescent of the decreasing moon who still seems to be alive a bit. As also the gallows are standing fast. For “this it seems also the coming world cannot do without” (so on the lithograph by Heintz). To increase the bathos a few puns have been mixed in the whole mess: a cobbler’s end and last resp., a rope’s end, and the candle’s end.

Wonderful , only  slightly  later  copy  of  brilliant  chiaroscuro

and adequately wide margins and freshness of this fine print by Cook who “made his mark as Hogarth engraver, too” (Thieme-Becker). As the only one of the posthumous editions he stuck to the original size. – With watermark “1811 W Balston”; cf. the double mark “J Whatman & W Balston 1813” Heawood 117. – In the right far margin two small slight tidemarks. The partial little foxing on the back perceptible quite minimally in just two spots in the heaven’s part.

Offer no. 7,545 / EUR  291. / export price EUR  276. (c. US$ 301.) + shipping

« Art  does  not  reproduce  the  visible ;

rather , it  makes  visible »

Paul Klee

Creative Credo


– The same in Thomas Cook’s smaller repetition. Inscribed: The Bathos. / Hogarth pinxt. / T. Cook sculpt. / Published by Longman, Hurst, Rees, & Orme, Nov. 1st. 1807. Picture size 6⅛ × 6¾ in (15.6 × 17.2 cm).

In the lower margin besides the title the two cones only, with no commentary, even without the reference “Fig. 26.”. – Very fine impression. – Trimmed within the extremely wide white plate margin which is somewhat time-stained below and on the right.

Offer no. 9,002 / EUR  50. (c. US$ 54.) + shipping

– The same in engraving by Carl Heinrich Rahl (Hoffenheim 1779 – Vienna 1843). (1818-1823.) 7⅝ × 9 in (19.5 × 23 cm). – The pure picture only anymore and thus without reference to the Analysis. Upper right “44.”, lower left “Pl. 6.”. – “Very interesting edition” (Nagler) after the engravings in the Duke Albert collection.

Offer no. 7,739 / EUR  87. (c. US$ 95.) + shipping

– The same in engraving by Ernst Ludwig Riepenhausen (1765 Göttingen 1840, engraver at the university there). (1794-1835.) Inscribed: 44 / W. Hogarth inv. / R. d sc f. 8½ × 9¾ in (21.5 × 23.5 cm).

Early impression with distinct plate tone and extremely wide lateral margins. – Also the pure picture only. With respect to the wide lower plate margin it seems the lower margin’s arrangement was intended yet never done. Later the plate was trimmed below accordingly.

Riepenhausen’s Hogarth edition (“very estimable”, Nagler) is his main work, the plates of which partly are even preferred to Hogarth’s engravings.

Offer no. 7,740 / EUR  125. (c. US$ 136.) + shipping

– The same in lithography by C. F. Heintz. (1833-36.) Inscribed: 34. / Das Ende aller Dinge (The End of all Things) / lith. C. F. Heintz, otherwise as above. 8⅛ × 8⅛ in (20.5 × 20.7 cm).

Also the pure picture only, yet with extensive caption à la Lichtenberg in German: “… Only one thing held on – The gallows. It seems also the coming world cannot do without, so it remains upright anyway …” – The really light foxing visible almost only against the light. – All in all good though not evenly tinted impression.

Offer no. 14,087 / EUR  87. (c. US$ 95.) + shipping

« Pressburg  just  has  to , as  then  Ireland ,

vote  once  more ,

now , that  the  last  domestic  obstacle

to  the  full  exercising

of  her  ‹ European  responsibility › …

has  been  removed »

Berthold Kohler

What dare Slovakia!

Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung

October 12, 2011

But so far – so gathered from Berthold Kohler’s Lieberknecht gloss in the FAZ of Oct. 1, 2011 – it stands ,

the  parliamentarian  democracy

and niemeyer’s has its facets on sale , i. e. , more Hogarthiana for your wall, for your intellect

The  Election  of  a  Member  of  the  Parliament

William Hogarth, An Election (Canvassing for Votes)

as  the  best-known  graphic  depiction  of  an  election  of  a  representative

Set of 4 sheet engravings by Thomas Cook (c. 1744 – London 1818). Inscribed: Hogarth pinx(t). / T. Cook, sculp(t). / Published by Longman, Hurst, Rees(,) & Orme(,) (May 1st. 1807 – Oct. 1st. 1809). Subject size 5¾-6⅛ × 7⅜-7¾ in (14.6-15.5 × 18.8-19.7 cm).

1. Humours of an Election Entertainment. – 2. Canvassing for Votes. – 3. Polling at the Hustings. – 4. Chairing the Members.

The famous set full of contemporary allusions present here in Cook’s small repetition belongs to Hogarth’s “most mature creations” (Thieme-Becker). Its origin in the classic country of parliamentarism imparts a particular significance to it. For it is at the same time – inspired by events in Oxfordshire during the elections of 1754, published 1755-58 – the portrait of not only corrupt politicians and parties, but of a rotten society as such. After all besides the usual feast and gorge documented on all plates as part of every election in Hogarth’s time bribery,

“ … first pursued systematically by Sir Robert Walpole and the Whigs, (was) practiced still far more scandalously than later; so it remained during the second half of the past century and till our days … Because then the possession of a parliamentary place was frequently regarded as a simple trade speculation, as the elected sold … his vote to the government for a sum of money, a sinecure, a post or a delivery, and thereupon could be re-elected by a  rotten  borough, a procedure which was so much easier as the minister Walpole had raised such a bribery of the members of the parliament – ‘every man has his price’ – literally to a system of government. Also Hogarth’s present plates give allusions of this ” (Lichtenberg).

A wag who thinks at this of the independence of the representatives, the obligation to vote for the party line, and the election tickets given away by the parties today. And of the disgust the class of professional politicians causes with today’s voters when Thieme-Becker sum up:

« If  this  nation  is  to  be  wise

as  well  as  strong ,

if  we  are  to  achieve  our  destiny ,

then  we  need  more  new  ideas

for  more  wise  men

reading  more  good  books

in  more  public  libraries .

These  libraries  should  be  open  to  all —

except  the  censor .

We  must  know  all  the  facts

and  hear  all  the  alternatives

and  listen  to  all  the  criticisms .

Let  us  welcome  controversial  books

and  controversial  authors .

For  the  Bill  of  Rights

is  the  guardian  of  our  security

as  well  as  our  liberty »

John F. Kennedy

as quoted by Saturday Review

October 29, 1960

“ … a delightful satire on the vice of bribery and

the  demoralization  of  the  people  tied  to  that . ”

But beyond the fullness of allusions Hogarth puts a special stamp on the abjectness and venal partiality of the whole proceedings. As these plates, too, are together caricatures or parodies of classic – and by this pure and clean – works from the Renaissance and Baroque:

So the first plate up to the caption – not included in this version anymore – “He that dippeth his hand with me in the dish, the same shall betray me” after Leonardo’s Last Supper. Followed by plate two with the farmer being bribed by both sides as inversion of The Choice of Hercules.

The  election  itself  in  turn

William Hogarth, An Election (Polling at the Hustings)

taking  up  Tizian’s  Presentation  of  the  Virgin ,

with  Britannia  herself  in  a  broken-down  chariot

whose coachman plays cards on the box with the footman, trying – allegory of the actual election process in front – to cheat each other. The last leaf finally, the triumphal march of the elected new member of the parliament, even alludes to Alexander the Great in Le Brun’s Victory of Alexander over Darius. Wherein the imperial eagle there had to give way to a goose here. Which by that what it lets fall even anticipates the new member’s contribution to the parliamentary debate.

This embedding in the canon of timeless art imparting to the set together and contrary to Lichtenberg’s reading that the pictures and their details were intelligible only from and in their own time

their  own  timelessness  valid  over  the  centuries .

Which is even stressed by Hogarth’ often ambiguous or – depending on time and position – differently interpretable sarcasm.

Offer no. 8,895 / EUR  375. / export price EUR  356. (c. US$ 388.) + shipping

– The same. Set of 4 sheet steel engravings. C. 1850. Inscribed. 5⅛-5¼ × 6¼-6⅜ in (12.9-13.5 × 15.8-16.2 cm).

Offer no. 12,169 / EUR  249. (c. US$ 271.) + shipping

« (T)his  majority  thinks

that  the  entire  EUnizing

is  a  small  addition

to  the  normal  course  of  events .

Unfortunately , it  is  not  so .

It  is  a  revolutionary  turn

of  the  normal  course  of  events »

Václav Klaus

President of the Czech Republic

What is Europeism?

November 20, 2006

The  “ Attempt  to  set  despotism …

at  the  place  of  the  legal  forms ”

was  then  stopped  by  chief-justice  Pratt

as  illegal

John Wilkes Esqr. The sitting portrait shows the editor of the North Briton Journal, little flattering, but true, in determined position with the hat of freedom on top of a long pole. On the little table at his side the notorious No. 45 of the paper tearing to rags the King’s Speech of George III, and the 17th issue in which Wilkes criticized the 1st sheet of Hogarth’s Times. Engraving + etching. Inscribed: Drawn from the Life and Etch’d in Aquafortis by Willm. Hogarth. / Publish’d according to Act of Parliament May ye 16. 1763., otherwise as above. 14 × 9⅛ in (35.7 × 23.3 cm).

Harmonic, wide-margined impression from the plate retouched by the royal engraver James Heath (1757 London 1834) about 1822 (“Even these impressions have become relatively rare today though”, Art Gallery Esslingen 1970; and Meyers Konv.-Lex., 4th ed., VIII [1888], 625: “A fine edition”, esteemed also already by contemporary collectors of the rank of for instance an A. T. Stewart [Catalog of the Stewart Collection, New York 1887, 1221, “fine plates”]).

John  Wilkes

(publicist, 1727-1797, hero “of the even then highly important press”)

“ published … the paper ‘North Briton’ since June 1762 in which he sharply chastised the policy of the ministry (of Lord Bute) and even not spared the person of the king (George III). The Under-Secretary Halifax then issued in violation of the habeas corpus act a warrant which was not directed against a specific person, but against the authors of the paper in general (writers, printers, and vendors). W. then was imprisoned; the court, however, ordered his release … This result was insofar important for the whole of England as henceforth the warrants without name remained abolished. Thereupon W. arranged a reprint of the ‘North Briton’ … ”

(Meyer’s Konversations-Lexikon, 4th ed., XVI, 648 in great detail

and  this  still  after  130  years !) .

“ … this portrait which perfectly represents the character of this man as it is passed on historically; one recognizes immediately the worn out rake without any principles, who used the people’s favor he obtained by circumstances and impudence for making money. One also recognizes beside the hypocrite in patriotism the pert cynic …

William Hogarth, John Wilkes

“ Hogarth has portrayed the figure when during the trial that made him the hero of freedom Wilkes was brought from the Tower to the Court of Common Pleas. One should take the picture for a caricature; but this is not the case for all contemporaries at once recognized the most perfect similarity … The sheet was published (on May 16, 1763) during the excitement the trial of Wilkes stirred up, and therefore had such a success that several thousand impressions were sold in the first week …

“ The personal character of Wilkes was not of the kind that a lasting esteem could have been bestowed on a man like him …

He  lacked  both  consequence  in  political  principles

as  morality  in  public  and  private  life …

As ruined rake he tried the path which was usual with the then composition of the parliament until the reform; he endeavored to get into the commons to receive a position from the government by selling his vote and by cleverly using it in the party battles … Pitt’s (William Pitt I, 1708-1778) brother-in-law and colleague, Lord Temple, admitted him, supposedly because he … believed he could use his skill with the pen in the then already highly important press …

« Conformity

is  the  jailer  of  freedom


the  enemy  of  growth »

John F. Kennedy

Address before the General Assembly of the United Nations

September 25, 1961

“ He used the free press … His principal efficacy, however, started (June 1762) with his journal: The North Briton, (which) soon was recognized by the government (Pitt) as the most dangerous weapon of the opposition … By the king’s personal influence the government, however, was soon motivated to attempt the suppression of that paper … The secretaries behaved themselves in this affair in a way which

corresponded  with  the  king’s  inclination  to  despotism ;

they applied an old legal procedure that had been used in such cases during the tyrannical age of the Stuarts. The Under-Secretary of the Interior (Halifax) issued a so-called  general  warrant … Wilkes was arrested … This legal procedure was not customary since long and was against the habeas corpus act. Wilkes knew this very well … One brought him into the Tower, yet soon one had to bring him before the court of the Common Pleas where the

chief-justice  Pratt  pronounced  the  illegality  of  the  arrest

so that the court decreed his release. The court had acted in this all the more foolishly as statesmen of different kind, as people which belonged to the plain mob, or who represented Wilkes for party considerations, also took up the cause of this man for they justly recognized in that trial an attempt

to  set  despotism  in  the  legal  procedure

at  the  place  of  the  legal  forms ”

(Lichtenberg whom the republic still remembered unsuspectingly-thankfully at the bicentennial of death).

Judged without respect of the person, see above, and the institutions. And in such a way a didactic example by history, a quality seal for the quality of the blindfold of Justice,

promoting  in  the  people  sense  of  right , even  more , certitude  of  right .

And thereby not least an attack against political weariness as emanation of the feeling of a “rotten society” as Hogarth also exposed in his Four Prints of an Election so strikingly. By which this, rendered into the respective today, once more proves himself as of

outright  terrifying  timelessness  and  topicality .

And  the  résumé  on  Wilkes  as  downright  an  invitation  for  the  sharpening  of  the  knowledge  of  human  nature ?

But yes indeed, his undisguised aim it was to make his fortune in the political party battles. When he finally had achieved this aim by the lucrative position of the Chamberlain of the City of London and had established himself comfortably in this, “his former friends requested to no avail” of him to further take care of their aims, withdrew thusly and – so the incorruptible Lichtenberg furthermore – “was no more recognized till his death in 1797 … with the exception of 1780 where he, by the way, played an honorable role … ”

“ One recognizes in him the impure character who used the excitement of the people and the popularity effected by this for his advantage, and who withdrew immediately when he had achieved a lucrative position. ”

And  concerning  his  followers  he is said to have asked his competitor, colonel Luttrel, on the election platform on occasion of his second candidacy for the parliamentary seat of Middlesex

if among his (Wilkes’) followers within the assembled election folks there were

“ more  fools  or  rascals ”.

“ The colonel replied: ‘I will say this immediately so that you are done.’ – When, however, he noticed that Wilkes remained calm he added: ‘You could not think to stay here just one more hour if I make your words known.’ – ‘Quite so, you would not live any moment longer.’ – ‘How that?’ – ‘I would say you had lied, and the mob would slay you in the instant.’ ”

So far the election campaigner Wilkes. Yet, it shall be placarded for a third time, he gave chief-justice Pratt the occasion to stop the

“ attempt  (by  the  government)  to  set

despotism … at  the  place  of  the  legal  forms ”

as  illegal .

Offer no. 14,845 / EUR  198. (c. US$ 216.) + shipping

– The same in engraving by Ernst Ludwig Riepenhausen (1765 Göttingen 1840, university engraver there). Inscribed: 56 / W. Hogarth del. 1763. / R. f., otherwise as above. 9¼ × 7⅜ in (23.5 × 18.6 cm). – Shining impression on especially buff paper, supposedly a special edition about 1850. –

Riepenhausen’s engravings after Hogarth (“very estimable”, Nagler) belong to his chief work and not least for being in the original direction they are partly even preferred to Hogarth’s own engravings.

Angebots-Nr. 14.847 / EUR  148. (c. US$ 161.) + shipping

– The same in lithography. (1833/36.) Inscribed: Johann Wilkes. / Lith. v. C. F. Heinz. 9⅞ × 5¾ in (25.1 × 14.5 cm). – Extensive, though incorrect and perverting resp. caption in German.

Offer no. 14,848 / EUR  98. (c. US$ 107.) + shipping

“ The  most  thoroughly  hated  statesman
of  his  day ”

(Encyclopedia Britannica, 1911)

The Right Honble. Henry Fox, Lord Holland. Half-length portrait. Etching by Joseph Haynes (Shrewsbury, Shropshire, 1760 – Chester 1829). Inscribed: Pubd. as the Act directs Mar. 19th. 1782, otherwise as above and below resp. 9⅝ × 7⅛ in (24.3 × 18.2 cm).

William Hogarth, Henry Fox, Lord Holland

“ From an original Portrait in Oil by Hogarth in the Possession of Mr. Saml. Ireland, etched by J. Haynes Pupil to the late Mr. Mortimer. “

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, (1705-1774), devoted supporter of Sir Robert Walpole and together his most docile pupil in the arts of high politics, was i. a. member of the cabinets of the Duke of Newcastle and the Earl of Bute. As speaker he could take on Pitt. For putting through in parliament in 1763 the Treaty of Paris, which together with the Treaty of Hubertusburg ended the Seven Years’ War, he was raised Baron Holland of Foxley, Wiltshire. Two years later, however, Fox was forced out of the office of the Paymaster of the Forces he had held since 1757 and which had earned him a fortune. Though he could clean himself from the accusation of fraud in the years following, the further promotion to earldom was denied to him and he died sorely disappointed in Holland House as “the most thoroughly hated statesman of his day” (Encyclopedia Britannica, 1911).

Fox furthermore figures in The Times II, like the present portrait published only posthumously by Boydell in 1790, and one of the most concentrated charges of Hogarth’s.

Impression on strong, extremely wide-margined paper from the plate retouched by the royal engraver James Heath (1757 London 1834) about 1822 (“Even these impressions have become relatively rare today though”, Art Gallery Esslingen 1970; and Meyers Konv.-Lex., 4th ed., VIII [1888], 625: “A fine edition”, esteemed also already by contemporary collectors of the rank of for instance an A. T. Stewart [Catalog of the Stewart Collection, New York 1887, 1221, “fine plates”]).

Offer no. 7,857 / EUR  98. (c. US$ 107.) + shipping

« Without  debate ,

without  criticism ,

no  administration  and  no  country

can  succeed —

and  no  republic  can  survive »

John F. Kennedy

Address before the American Newspaper Publishers Association

April 27, 1961

The House of Commons in Sir Robert Walpole’s Administration. Interior during a session with designation of the notables. Stipple by A. Fogg. Inscribed: Engraved by A. Fogg. historical Engraver. / to his Royal Highness Prince Wm. Frederick. / London Published Novr. 1. 1803. by E. Harding, No. 100, Pall Mall, otherwise as below. 21⅜ × 15⅞ in (54.3 × 40.4 cm).

William Hogarth, House of Commons

“ To the Right Honble. Earl Onslow. This Plate representing the House of Commons in Sir Robert Walpole’s Administration. Is with Permission dedicated by his Lordships most obedient humble Servt. E. Harding. From an original Picture painted by Hogarth, and Sir James Thornhill, in the collection of Earl Onslow. ”

Among those portrayed in the center the presiding Rt. Hon. Arthur Onslow himself. At his side Robert Walpole, in the rows in the middle distance further Sydney Godolphin, Sir Joseph Jekyl, Colonel Onslow, Sir James Thornhill as well as at the table in front Edward Stables Esq. and Mr. Aiskew as Clerk and Clerk Assistant of House of Commons resp.

Harmonic, wide-margined impression on strong paper from the plate retouched by the royal engraver James Heath (1757 London 1834) about 1822 (“Even these impressions have become relatively rare today though”, Art Gallery Esslingen 1970; and Meyers Konv.-Lex., 4th ed., VIII [1888], 625: “A fine edition”, esteemed also already by contemporary collectors of the rank of for instance an A. T. Stewart [Catalog of the Stewart Collection, New York 1887, 1221, “fine plates”]). – Two margins with little fox-spots.

Offer no. 7,862 / EUR  215. (c. US$ 234.) + shipping

– The same in engraving by Thomas Cook (c. 1744 – London 1818). Inscribed: Hogarth pinxt. / T. Cook sculpt. / First Published in 1803, by Mr. E. Harding. & copied by his permission. / Published by Longman, Hurst, Rees, & Orme, July 1st. 1809., otherwise as above. Subject size 6½ × 5⅜ in (16.6 × 13.8 cm). – Cook’s popular later, smaller version. – Trimmed within the wide white platemark.

Offer no. 9,006 / EUR  71. (c. US$ 77.) + shipping

– – – The same in steel engraving about 1840. 6½ × 4⅞ in (16.4 × 12.3 cm). – Title in German + English.

Offer no. 7,863 / EUR  44. (c. US$ 48.) + shipping

« At  any  rate  there  just  has  to  be  an  end

to  this  subversive  talk  about  and  mocking

at  the  blessings

of  the  real  existing  Europeism .

The  sister  nations  of  Europe  really  may  not  be

‹ set  at  each  other ›

by  such  anti-European  propaganda .

That  of  course  is  not  our  expression ,

but  that

of  Mrs.  Lieberknecht »

( CDU  prime  minister  of  Thuringia )

Berthold Kohler

Don’t crack Jokes – Otherwise you are sent to Brussels

Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung

October 1, 2011

The  Power  and  the  Parliament

Cromwell’s  Symbolic  Reichstagsbrand

Burning ye Rumps at Temple-Barr. Down with the rump parliament. The 1653 symbolic burning of the parliament that in 1648 Cromwell cleaned of its Presbyterian members as a milestone for his further show of power. It then executed Charles I instead of holding negotiations with him and thus rang in the Puritan republic which itself almost turned into a Cromwell monarchy. Place of the event of 20 April the London gate Temple Bar. One of the iconoclasts with the convenant of the Presbyterian Scots in his hands, another one holding up the banner:

Down  with  the  Rumps .

Etching + engraving. (1726.) Inscribed: 11 (by the publisher) / W. Hogarth Inv. delin. et sculp. (in the subject border below right) / Burning ye Rumps at Temple Barr. 10⅞ × 20¼ in (27.7 × 51.6 cm).

HUDIBRAS XI. – Nagler 10-11; Hogarth Catalog Zurich, 1983, ills. 11 (2nd state , inscribed “in the subject below left”!). – 6-quatrain caption abridged from Butler’s poem. – Impression on strong paper from the plate retouched by the royal engraver James Heath (1757 London 1834) about 1822 (“Even these impressions have become relatively rare today though”, Art Gallery Esslingen 1970; and Meyers Konv.-Lex., 4th ed., VIII [1888], 625: “A fine edition”, esteemed also already by contemporary collectors of the rank of for instance an A. T. Stewart [Catalog of the Stewart Collection, New York 1887, 1221, “fine plates”]).

HUDIBRAS “ is a vulgarized (English) Don Quixote , a dewitted Rabelais ” (Laaths, Geschichte der Weltliteratur, 1953, p. 375), a “satiric scourge” (Meyers Konv.-Lex., 4th ed., III, 693/I) on the politically just sacked Puritanism and the best-known work of its creator esteemed by Charles II,

And  Brecht  81  years  before

« Here , comrades , is  a  sign

on  which  stands :

it  is  prohibited  tonight

to  sing  what  is  funny »

Also  that  Jimmy ,

Mahagonny’s  own  lawmaker ,

had  violated

and  was  chastised .

No , no ,

it’s  not  supposed  that  then  was  talked  about

Mrs.  Lieberknecht  yet

SAMUEL  BUTLER (Strensham, Worcestershire, 1612/13 – London 1680), as result of his impressions in the employ of Cromwell’s Colonel Sir Samuel Luke, “at which religious and political sects were about” (Meyers). Remaining incomplete the first two parts of the epic were published in 1663/64, a third one in 1678, then, joined, long-lived through the centuries.

The Hudibras set – Thieme-Becker judge – is “of decisive significance for Hogarth’s development.

Here  lies  the  key  to  the  understanding  of  the  satirist  H. ”

(Thieme-Becker XVII [1924], 300/II).

The  scenically  rich  plate

William Hogarth, Burning the Rumps at Temple Barr

about  the  practice  of  power  to  deal  with  insubordination .

“ The negotiations the parliament had entered with the (imprisoned) king (Charles I) meanwhile (in 1648) and which were drawing to a close caused new acts of violence by the army after Cromwell was back from Scotland … and in such a way on 6 & 7 December

the  parliament  had  been  brought  to  heel

by  expulsion  of  all  Presbyterian  members ”

and demoted to the “Rump Parliament”, only

“ to  scatter  the  rest  by  musketeers ”

five years later for another reason, what is subject of the sheet here, while Cromwell stationed himself at the lead of a new executive board, ergo over the parliament. In which he had already practiced eight years ago. Then when in April 1645 for thoroughly given timeless reason he took care of parliamentary integrity, causing resignations, by the so-called

Bill  of  Self-Denial

according to which

“ no  member  of  parliament

may  hold  a  civil  or  military  post ”

“he himself maintained the command of the mounted troops, the second post in the army, by saving clause”. Nevertheless,

“ but the posterity get to the opinion that C. was one of the most essential founders of England’s greatness and one of the most outstanding statesmen of all times ”

(quotes from Meyers Konvers.-Lex., 4th ed., IV [1880], 344 f.).

Offer no. 14,730 / EUR  390. / export price EUR  371. (c. US$ 404.) + shipping

– The same. Engraving by Thomas Cook (ca. 1744 – London 1818). Inscribed: Pl. XI. / Hogarth pinxt. / HUDIBRAS. / T. Cook & Son sc. / Published by Longman, Hurst, Rees, & Orme, May 1st. 1808. Subject size 4⅜ × 7⅝ in (11.2 × 19.5 cm).

Cook’s popular later, smaller version with the caption being replaced by the series title. – In contrast to the Hogarth engraving, surely worked in reverse (repeated left-handedness) as in many cases, here in correct sense as known for Cook. – Trimmed within the wide white platemark and this chiefly in the outer part slightly foxed and browned resp.

Offer no. 8.858 / EUR  135. (c. US$ 147.) + shipping

And  who  is  willing  to  listen  he  listens :

Last  Station  before  the  Debtor’s  Prison

Near-Arrest for Debt. It is March 1st, birthday of Queen Caroline, spouse of George II, and Rakewell is on his way to St. James’s. What does not keep the beadles of the law from stopping his sedan in the open street and presenting to the getting out Rakewell the arrest order – but for this time the purse of Sarah Young, the disgracefully left former mistress, still helps. On the left side in the background St. James’s Palace and White’s Coffeehouse, in front of which several further sedans. On the left a Welshman with the leek of St. David’s Day at his hat. Engraving by Thomas Cook (c. 1744 – London 1818). Inscribed: Drawn by Wm. Hogath (sic!) / Engraved by T. Cook. / Published October 1st. 1796 by G. G. & J; Robinson, Paternoster Row, London. / Pl. IV. 14⅛ × 16⅜ in (35.8 × 41.7 cm).

William Hogarth, Near-Arrest for Debt (Cook)

The Rake’s Progress IV. – With multi-lined caption. – After the yet unchanged sunny first state (ills. Hogarth Catalogue of the Tate Gallery, 1972, 72a), thus without the street urchins added by Hogarth in the 3rd state only and without the lightning at the sky, otherwise  – contrary to all later Hogarth editions – in his original folio size. – Of very fine chiaroscuro.

Offer no. 7,515 / EUR  343. / export price EUR  326. (c. US$ 355.) + shipping

– The same in engraving by Carl Heinrich Rahl (Hoffenheim 1779 – Vienna 1843). (1818/23.) Inscribed: 16. / Pl: 4. 8¼ × 10⅝ in (20.9 × 27 cm). –  With  the lightning & the street urchin sujet added in the 3rd state only with, not least,

the  newspaper  reading  little  politician

William Hogarth, Street Urchins (Rahl; detail 3rd version)

studying  his  Farthing  post

“ There  is  a  lot  of  warmth  and  domesticality
past  all  description  in  the  little  statesman .

He does not hear the thunder of the skies ,
and does not see the thunderbolt of London’s police …

Is  it  possible

to  look  at  the  politics  of  one’s  fatherland  with  great  pleasure ? ”


Offer no. 5,938 / EUR  76. (c. US$ 83.) + shipping

« Europe’s  future  has  to  be  a

Europe  of  the  law  and  the  reign  of  law .

However , the  razing  of  the  law

by  the  Central  Bank ,

the  heads  of  states  and  governments

and  the  European  Commission

must  be  ended »

Frank Schäffler

Member of the German Bundestag

… red-hot  updated
yet  just  trying  to  catch  up
with  the  gallopping  euro  rescue  billion  funds …

  1. Almost 240 years later, Robert Murray will title chapter XV of The Decline and Fall of the American Empire (2002): The Chaos to come.

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(Mrs. P. P., July 8, 2004)