Seldom a Relatively Short Life was so Full
Johann Moritz Rugendas
1802 – 1858
“ In the year 2008 it is 150 years since his death. In Germany, and even in his hometown Augsburg, the painter and natural scientist is barely known today for by his extended travels he also vanished out of our sight. In Chile and all South America Rugendas is firmly anchored in the conscious still 150 years after his death, however,
and there he reckons among the really great
of the art of the 19th century ”
(on the current exhibition in Augsburg, before “presented with great success in the Museo de Bellas Artes in Santiago de Chile” and there attended by 64000 visitors).
In the original Solander box as furnished only initially !
The Grandiose Large Work
Picturesque Voyage in Brazil
( Voyage Pittoresque dans le Brésil )
Paris, Engelmann, (1827-)35. Large folio (sheet size 13⅝ × 19⅞ in [34.5 × 50.5 cm]). 2 ll., 50, 38, 56, 32 pp. With
100 colored lithographs
after Rugendas. Full-size facsimile in the original colors enlarged with 8 ll. summary in Portuguese (9 pp.) and index (5 pp.) + imprint. 1986. Orig. h. leather with marbled covers and gilt edges in the orig. natural (light-grey) cloth Solander box (Schumacher Inc. Berne).
No. 555/950 copies of the ordinary edition (total edition 1050 copies furnished with the Solander box initially only). – Two plates (pt. IV, 15 + 16) with quite weak fold in the wide white right margin, otherwise impeccable.
The wonderful suite of matchless impressions
“ (which) came into Darwin’s mind again when he (1832) entered the South American jungle … (and)
whose tropical wood had impressed Darwin so much …
(and) still was on his mind when in the forties and fifties he
quietly worked out the Theory of Evolution for himself ”
(Julia Voss in Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung of July 1, 2008).
Perfectly reproduced in a special screenless phototype process. – Subdivided in landscapes – portraits and costumes – manners and customs of the Red Indians – life of the Europeans – manners and customs of the Negroes . – Published by Gottfried Engelmann (1788-1839), who had introduced lithography in Paris in 1816 after having learned that at the inventor Senefelder himself in Munich. – Text in German.
The wonderful yield of Johann Mori(t)z Rugendas’
first voyage (1821-1825), which he started together with the Russian Privy Councillor and Prussian consul general in Rio de Janeiro, Georg Heinrich von Langsdorff, into the interior of Brazil to capture the peculiarities of the country. Though this connection did not last it was the beginning for his multiple decades-long own voyages through Central and South America resulting in a plenty of drawings “of highest interest. In the characteristic and natural representation of humans, animals and plants of strange, first tropical countries only few could be placed at his side”. And already the work here
“ … made the artist famous, (its illustrations) showing humans and animals, districts and the luxuriant vegetation of that country in full truth and faithfulness ”
That it remained his one and only publication gives it its infinite value .
Offer no. 28,642 / sold
– – A New Copy (No. 14/950) in the original Solander box available.
Offer no. 29,055 / EUR 1580. / export price EUR 1501. (c. US$ 1637.) + shipping
Autograph letter in German with signature to the Ulm music director Wilhelm Speidel. Without place “5th April 1854”. In-8. 1 page plus address on double leaf.
Provenance: Adalbert Frhr. von Lanna (1836–1909) in Prag. – With blind stamped crown stamp. – Folded repeatedly, three small tears repaired acid-free. – “To Herrn Speidel Esq. music director. / My dear Mr. Speidel. One has not to have a lot (?) self-assurance or it must rest deep inside if one gives away such scribble as a drawing for an album. But I had been so busy these days that this is all I can offer you. Remember once there might follow a better one and think of me friendly Yours sincerely M. Rugendas”.
Speidel (Ulm 1826 – Stuttgart 1899), “music teacher and composer … son of the music teacher and singer there, Konrad S. … got his education at the high school at Ulm … Since 1843 he continued his musical studies in Munich where he was instructed in composition by Ignaz Lachner … (he distinguished himself) especially by his profound interpretation of Beethoven’s sonatas … (Instructed) 1846/7 at Thann/Alsace as private tutor in the Kestner family … the great-granddaughters of Goethe’s Lotte in music … appeared in most larger towns in Germany as piano virtuoso. In 1855 (according to the address here already in 1854) S. was appointed as music director at the top of the choral society in Ulm, but already in 1857 he moved to Stuttgart where he (co-founded) the music school that later changed to the Royal Conservatory … From 1857 to 1885 he directed the choral society there and imparted to the choir his … much adored expression and freedom of recitation … ” (Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie LIV, 409).
Offer no. 28,292 / sold
Before the Great Departure
His Earliest Set
Here with the title text unknown to literature
(Horses from the Royal Bavarian Stables.
Drawn from Life and etched
by / J. Moritz Rugendas. Son.
AUGSBURG, 1820. Published by J. LORENZ RUGENDAS. Father.) 6-sheet set, but see below. Etchings. 1819/20. Sm. oblong fol. (plate size 6½-7⅛ × 9⅛-9⅝ in [16.6-18.2 × 23.2-24.4 cm]). Inscribed with the respective names in the lower white platemark and, if applicable, with signature + date, see below, in the lower subject. In old heavy laid paper cover with mounted title cutting of the blue-grey original wrapper.
Teuscher 986-991 (“Stallions, Set of 6 sheet”) incl. illustrations not knowing the title and the three further sheets known here from another copy . – With the exception of T. 986 not in Stillfried. – Respectively one copy without title in Augsburg (State and University Library, colored) + Stuttgart (State Library), both with 6 sheet only , too . – The single sheet of the Munich printroom proven by Stillfried (1879) lost in the war. – Lacked in the important collections of books and portfolios on horses and horsemanship of Anderhub (1963) + Sarasin (1999).
The earliest set of the great South America Traveler
worked as a 17/18-year-old ,
before he set out for Brazil as a 19-year-old .
what an autograph collection of own and his father’s letters passed through here years ago illustrated uniquely.
Thematically picking up a family tradition for which the great-grandfather Georg Philipp I stands, of whom Wilhelm Schmidt wrote in ADB in 1889 “a first rate talent beyond doubt, for not to say a genius. Doubtless, set into better circumstances, e.g. living in the Netherlands about 1650, he would have become an artist who would have surpassed all his horse and battle competitors”. As Mori(t)z after first paternal training went into apprenticeship with Albrecht Adam, who on his part established an artist’s dynasty of horse and battle painters. In 1817 the admission into the Munich Academy followed where he devoted himself to the genre and landscape field under Lorenz Quaglio II. From those early years Teuscher probably lists only eleven graphic works after own invention (984-993 + 1311 as the portrait of the father), at which especially Nagler’s opinion – “fine sheets” – points in the Künstler Lexicon (XIV, 1845, items 1-2):
“ Single horses and groups as well as dogs , too ,
drawn and etched by Moritz Rugendas , oblong and sm. folio. ”
With the set here as center piece which in just the unawareness of
the cover title obviously documented here for the first time
Hämmerle defined vaguely in 1937 as follows:
“ This set should concern stallions or racers known at that time, presumably the origin of the suite goes back on an idea of A. Adam ”
(Albert H., [The Last Painters Rugendas, in Quarterlies for Art and History of Augsburg], 1937/III, pp. 1-110, note 51).
Four sheets above and below 1.5-2.7 cm (one only 1.5-1.8) and laterally 1-1.5 cm (one up to 1.8) wide-margined, two laterally 0.4-0.7 cm and only 1-2.5 cm and 1 cm resp. for above and below. The white platemark on its part mostly 1 cm wide. – Throughout only isolated weak little foxspots almost solely in the white margin, only one sheet somewhat more and in three edge corners additionally with faint tidemark as at one corner at a further one, too. – Three sheets with a 2.5-3.5 cm long tear out in the lower right margin repaired by old, in two cases including the white platemark wholly and half resp. A further one with two minimal tears outside of the platemark there. Nevertheless a good copy, indeed, worthy to increase your collection, first of all in respect of generally absolute rareness, but then and just as a dot over the i in respect of
the original cover title as not provable in literature hitherto .
Whose very touchingly family text regarding creator/publisher makes the coming up of that additionally just to an event.
Offer no. 14,586 / EUR 1380. / export price EUR 1311. (c. US$ 1430.) + shipping
Four Years before Johann Moriz’
And in such a manner a passage documented itself in those great years
“ … saw the Entrance of Rio Janeiro
as likewise the hill called the Sugar Loaf …
came to an Anchor at Rio Janeiro in 10 & 11 fathoms. ”
Haan, Hendrik de. Journal of a Voyage from Hamburg to South America and back with the ship Faseta 1816-1818. English manuscript on paper. 104 unpag. ll. incl. 2 white interleaves, 92 ll. white. 7⅜ × 5⅞ in (188 × 150 mm). Contemporary smoothed black morocco (7⅝ × 6¼ in [19.3 × 16 cm]) with gilt back with title (Journal of a Voyage of the Ship Faseta to a. from Sth. Ameryca), ship & floral vignette, gilt ornamental border on both covers as well as gilt leading edges in brown slipcase. Gilt edges.
The back rubbed more under partial loss of the gilt tooling, covers and leading edges rubbed less except for a larger spot on each cover, the slipcase time-marked. One of the leaves filled with writing with dog’s ear, one white leaf rammed below. The leaves covered with writing paginated on the recto in pencil by a later hand except for the first title as well as a missed leaf, but including the two white interleaves. Aside from very isolated unessential finger marks of absolute freshness inside.
Hamburg – Soth America – Hamburg
in the complete journal of the complete voyage of a merchant ship
by with respect to repeated specific spellings certainly a Dutch commander from the days when just these ships were used by the great South America travelers up to Johann Moriz Rugendas as the shining finale of an artist dynasty of several generations, setting out as a 19-year-old and till today downright tangible by his splendid Picturesque Voyage through Brazil. – Subdivided as follows:
Journal of a Voyage from Hamburg towards South America in the Ship Faseta (Nov. 17, 1816 – Jan. 26, 1817). / Journal from Rio Janeiro towards Rio de la Plata (Feb. 13 – March 4, 1817). / Journal of a Voyage from Rio de la Plata towards Hamburg (Sep. 30, 1817 – Jan. 27, 1818).
Logbook written in brown ink on Pro Patria paper by the commander of the supposedly full-rigged Faseta during a voyage from Hamburg to Rio de Janeiro and Buenos Aires and back to Hamburg – the writing, throughout well legible even on storm days, cut only here and there quite unessentially – in predominantly tabular form. Underlinings + table grid in red ink as well as supporting lines in pencil. Lay-days and transfer days – but without pure harbor days – , but also periods of toilsome tackling in bad weather summarily two to three days per page, at sea one day each per page with notes for two times 12 hours. Below true course and fixed position, usually calculated by sun and/or moon, but also Fomalhaut (Dec. 29, 1816) and Regulus (Jan. 1, 1817).
Beside the nautical notes on courses, wind + weather, sails set, taken in, or reefed, variation of the azimuth, bearings of islands + coasts passed, anchor places + soundings as well as sea water received on deck remarks on other events at sea as embarkation and debarkation of pilots and customs officers, sails observed on the horizon or occasionally also spoken with ships, observations of birds, flying fish, or dolphins, and special activities on deck:
“ Light airs and fine Weather, at 8 A.M. (Sunday Nov. 17) the Pilot came on board. at 9 A.M. cast our ropes loos and made sail down the River. At 5 P.M. anchored at Newen Steeden (Nienstedten) … Cloudy with Showers. received on board our last Goods which was left in the Lighter. Employed filling up the Waater. stowing the booms and boats and getting all clear for Sea … ”
Five days after the departure from Hamburg Friday, Nov. 22, Cuxhaven on the mouth of the Elbe River is passed, the pilot leaves the ship, and the light of Heligoland comes into sight. The actual voyage starts:
“ … at 11 A.M. passed Cuckshaaven. the Pilot left the Ship … at 6 PM Helgolands light E b N. dist. about 3. miles from which we take our Departure …
“ … a fresh breeze. in 1 reef of the Topsails … the light Ship of the Galloper bearing N W by N dist. 1 myl. … Tacked Ship … saw 3 strange sayls … passed by a Ship … ”
After passing through the Channel the voyage continues in generally fine, partly squally weather. December 13 + 14 Porto Santo + Madeira, the 17th/18th Palma are passed and after further good voyage land is seen again January 23, 1817, three days later the anchor is cast at Rio de Janeiro:
“ At 6 AM saw the Land bearing WNW. At 8 AM Caap Frio (Cabo Frio). WSW dist. 4m. … at 8.
saw the Entrance of Rio Janeiro
as likewise the hill called the Sugar Loaf .
passed between two Islands called Pai & Maya (Mãe). At 7. PM Anchored by the Fort in 9 fathoms …
“ Calm with hot Sultry weather. At 4. PM being cleared of the Customhouse boat. the Pilot came on board. At 5. weighed and made sail. at 7
came to an Anchor at Rio Janeiro in 10 & 11 fathoms. ”
After a one-month stay the pilot embarks again February 23, anchoring the following night at the citadel, taking fresh water aboard, and also otherwise making the ship ready for the further voyage to the Rio de la Plata and Buenos Aires. The islands of Lobes + Flores are passed on the 26th, anchoring the other day at Montevideo. The following days calm, but thunder and lightning:
“ at 4 PM saw the Island Lobes bearing NWbW p. Compass about 4 mijles … at 12. saw the Island Flores bearing West … at 5 PM Monte Vidio p. Com. North dist 3 m. steered SW¾W … at 8. Anchored in 5 fathoms soft Ground with a fresh breeze from the Eastward … Calm with Thunder & Lightning & Rain … heavy Squalls from the Eastward, down Royal Yards & Topmast … people employed and drassing (?) knotting yarns … passed Ensenada … at 7 PM anchored in 5½ fathoms Mudd …
saw the Town Buenos Ayres
at 6 PM (March 4) Calm anchored in the outer Road. ”
After a stay of almost seven months anchors are weighed September 30 and the Faseta sets out for the direct voyage back to Hamburg – with a short touching of the ground just the second day:
“ Sounded Ground, 4. 3¾ 4. 3½ & 3 fathoms … at 10 AM being abreast of the Chico Bank the ship felt the Ground, but in the time of 5 minut. being Clear …
“ … Variable light breezes & Calm with hot sultry weather … saw several Cape Pigeons (Oct. 24) … saw a great deal of flying fish, as likewise several birds (Nov. 3) … saw several Dolphins (Nov. 24) … At 8 PM catched a flying fish which flew on deck (Nov. 27) …
“ … at 1 PM spoke the aforesaid Ship under a Danish Colour
coming from Flensburg bound to St. Thomas
Capt. And. H. Grodt (Dec. 5) … ”
Correspondingly to the season – the equator was crossed already October 26 – the weather gets worse, also since December 12 the pumps have to be worked, at first every two hours, but soon enough hourly, later half hourly, and one even permanently. On the 22nd + 25th great deals of sea weeds are sighted near the Azores:
“ … received much seawater opon Deck … Pomped ship at every hour … At 7 PM (Dec. 26) saw the Island Corvo … therefore we found for best as the ship laid under Storm Sails to keep before the wind … at 12 (Dec. 27) brought the Ship too under a fore & fore staysail, Mizzen & Mizzen Staysail … at 8 (P)M saw the Island Flores. ”
January 10, 1818, the Channel is reached in temporarily thick fog and heavy weather. The probably most difficult part of the voyage follows before on the 21st Dover comes into sight. Afterwards it goes swiftly across the North Sea and on the 24th the anchor is cast at Cuxhaven:
“ … spoke a Brig under an Eng. Colour, comming from the Canares bound for London … with this foggy & thick weather. being … in the british Channel … saw the high Land, on the St.board Side as likewise the Island Londy (Gorey on Jersey?) … spoke a Custumhouse Cotter, of which the Mate came on board of our Ship. the wind from the WSW & WbS. we were therefore Obliged to do our best & beat out of the Channel, put 2 Reefs out of the topsails. Steered NNWest …
“ hard Squalls with a heavy Sea from the West … a 4h. with a hard Squall lost our Jib. Pumped Ship at Every ½h. at 8 Tacked Ship (Jan. 11) … our Deck always full of Sea water. Kept one Pump agoing & brought a new Jib to the boom at 8 PM. Tacked Ship (Jan. 12) … we were also Oblidged of not dyving on those to keep all sail, which was possible. at 2 PM set the Jib … at 7. PM with a heavy Squall lost our 2nd. Jib … (Jan. 13)
“ at Daylight more moderate, set the staysails; but a heavy swell from the westward, lost the forgoing Day several things from our Deck, with the heavy Sea which Constantly broke over it (Jan. 14) … with a fresh breeze & fair weather out all reefs of the Topsails. bent a new Mizen topsail (was lost the 16th) … at 11h. saw England End … at 3 PM saw the Scilly Islands, at 6 PM Scillys light bore WNW & Lands End ENE (Jan. 18) … at 12 the Lizard NbW … At 11 PM saw the Ciscassen (?) lights (Jan. 19)
“ … at 6 AM saw the French Coast … Saw Dover Castle, at 9 AM a Pilot boat came on board in which the 1. Super Cargo Mr. P. E. Holtz then went on shore (Jan. 21) … saw the Helgoland light (Jan. 23) … 3 Pilots came on board, agreed to pay them 300 D. … passed by the Red Tun; at 10 an other Pilot came on board. at 12 Anchored at Cuxhaven under quarantine … a boat came on Board for the Ship Papers & the Logbook ”
Three days later the Faseta finally moors in Hamburg again after 437 days, 210 of which at sea:
“ … being Cleared, at 10 weighed & made sail. at 5 PM anchored at Crucksand (Krautsand; Jan. 25) … at 5 AM send the boat on Shore at Staade, at 11 AM the boat came on board being all cleared, at 2 PM weighed & made sail … at 6 came to an Anchor at Sompfliet (Jan. 26) … we were Obliged because we could not get our Anker (sic!); p. order of the Pilot to cut our Cable. at 11 AM came to the Town; being obliged to stop the ship with Lines & p. Order of the Haven Master we were Obliged to cut them to get the (omission: Ship?); save to the Speers (Speersort?; Jan. 27). ”
Especially by the plain recording of the nautical facts of a quite plain voyage beyond historic noise of discoveries and battles as well as of the small diversions in the life between storm + calm, setting reefs, taking sails in + setting sails, as there are the strange sails on the horizon, the dolphins, and the flying fish present journal makes the
reality of seafaring 200 years ago the more lively .
And in such completeness of a whole voyage to and from with at the same time best readability and almost absolute freshness of the content
the special pleasure for the access to the great voyagers .
Offer no. 28,860 / sold
„ heute kam das Paket – vielen Dank für die excellente Verpackung. Das Bild ist wirklich sehr schön … Wir freuen uns auf Ihre (weitere) Nachricht. Herzliche Grüße aus F. “
(Herr + Frau T. C., 13. Mai 2002)