after  a  strong  historic  quarter

niemeyer’s  returns  into  the  low  points  of  the  presence

Here  then

Jumbo for President !

Johann Elias Ridinger / An Elephant in highest harness to be seen from front (Th. 539)

Ridinger, Johann Elias (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). (Elephants in different positions as have been seen … in 1741 … and drawn from life by P. F. Gudenus …). Set of four sheet. Etching with engraving. Inscribed: … in Kvpffer gebracht dvrch I. E. Ridinger in Avgspvrg M(D)CCXIIV (sic, recte MDCCXLIV/1744) and (2-4) P. F. v. G. ad viv. del. 1741. / I. E. Ridinger sculpsit A.V. resp., otherwise as above + below. 30.1-30.4 x 20.7-20.8 and, pl. 4, 20.6 x 30.2 cm.

Thienemann + Schwarz (ills. I, plate 16) 537-540. – Watermark Great Fleur-de-lis (pl. 1) and Great Crown with initials A M in the inner ring (pl. 3) resp. – On strong laid paper with excellent wide margins of laterally 7 and 9-11.5 cm top + and bottom. The feeble, smoothed centerfold perceptible in the white margin only. The title sheet quite minimally dusted as with regard to the preserved stitching almost inevitable.

The  Elephants  of  Gudenus ,

Johann Elias Ridinger / A walking Elephant to be seen laterally (Th. 538)

held  together

by  their  original  crosswise  stitching  in  the  upper  margin :

One  of  the  rarer  Small  Special  Sets  of  the  Œuvre

and in respect of just the original crosswise stitching here as following :

Elephant Leader … (together title sheet) – An Elephant in highest harness to be seen from front … (by Thienemann intended for sheet 3) – A walking Elephant to be seen laterally … Th.: pl. 2) – An Elephant pegged up in the Lair, laying down, or standing up … .

According to a kind notice from the Gudenus family (2004) Philipp Ferdinand Baron von Gudenus is not involved as author of the drawings sent to Ridinger as imparted by Schwarz (1910) + Thieme-Becker XV (1922), 191, but Philipp Franz as a distant nephew, see NDB.

Evenly  fine  impressions  as  with  these  wide  margins

and  with  moreover  still  original  stitching

not  often  available  on  the  market .

Offer no. 28,644 / sold

So  a  good  many  people  here  and  there
would  like  to  have  it

Samuel Howitt / Hindoo Method of Taming Elephants

Howitt, Samuel (1756 – Somers Town 1822)? … Method of Taming Elephants. Elephant in the taming frame in landscape with trees. Aquatint for Edward Orme, London, in the original coloring. Inscribed: Published & Sold Jany. 1st. 1813, by Edwd. Orme, Bond St. London., otherwise as above. 7 × 9⅛ in (17.8 × 23.3 cm).

(FOREIGN FIELD SPORTS XXI.) – Schwerdt I (1928), 177 ff.: “The colored plates … especially those drawn by Howitt, are fine, both as regards draughtsmanship and coloring … (The book) is sure to increase in value … ”. – Highly instructive representation, if one wishes to try it.

Additional  elephant  sheets  of  the  set  available .

Offer no. 11,766 / EUR  91. (c. US$ 98.) + shipping

“ But  the  conditions , they  are  not  so ”

( Bert Brecht )

Ridinger, Johann Elias (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). The Vengeance of a Lowly on a Mighty is pernicious (or, so in the new edition of 1825, Powerless rage destroys itself).  An  elephant – for the Indian poets “symbol of wisdom and sympathy …

and  eight  elephants  support  the  universe ”

(Meyer’s Convers.-Lex., 4th ed., V, 510/II), one of them together then the leader of the Grand Old Party, too, – travelling  through  Europe  on an educational trip inadvertently hurt a pert little fox

whereupon  its  whole  tribe  considered  to  punish  the  colossus .

Johann Elias Ridinger / The Vengeance of a Lowly on a Mighty is pernicious (Th. 771)

But  shortly  “the  army  was  pulverized”.

Etching + engraving. (1744.) Inscribed: J. E. Ridinger inv. sculp. et excud., otherwise as above in German, French, and Latin. 13¼ × 9⅞ in (33.6 × 25.1 cm).

Thienemann + Schwarz 771; Metzner-Raabe, Illustr. Fabelbuch, 1998, vol. II (Bodemann), 123.I. – Sheet 7 of the intellectually as optically exceedingly charming “Instructive Fables from the Animal Kingdom for Improvement of the Manners

and  especially  for  the  Instruction  of  (well , whose  do  you  think)

by which

“ Ridinger pursued a typical purpose of his epoch. A ‘Correction of Manners’ by the morale efficacy of art – though in quite a different manner – William Hogarth, almost of the same age as Ridinger, had attempted by his paintings and prints … Yet while Hogarth and Chodowiecki tried to gain recognition for their (identical) ideas by satirical sets, as A Rake’s Progress, 1735 … Ridinger built on the – especially suitable to him (that is, so he himself, ‘since the hoary times of the ancient ages’) – tradition of the animal fable ”

(Stefan Morét, Ridinger Catalog Darmstadt, 1999, p. 96).

And  specially  hereto  Ridinger  himself :

“ The elephant did a travel to Europe to become acquainted with the traditions there … and had the misfortune to tread off the tail of a young fox who was, by forwardness to view him, coming too near to him. The fox … set up a great shout and called to his folks to revenge this shame and insult, which

this  ( Non-European )

has done to him. All came to terms about this and considered how they could attack so that their revenge would be carried out. It did not lack of artfulness and rage, but, nevertheless, it went off badly … This went so to heart of an old fox that he began to shout at the top of his voice:

Oh  tyrannical  manifestation !

No , the  elephant  said , on  such  a  revenge  such  a  deserts  follows .”

Pictorially by the way Ridinger, creating a new image type, leaving behind once more tradition and field. For, so Ulrike Bodemann in Metzner-Raabe,

“ No  similarities  to  fable  illustrations  known  hitherto .

Enormous image sizes filled almost entirely by the representation of a central factor of the fable tale. Surroundings mostly dense, natural wood .”

And Regine Timm, ibid., vol. I, p. 171 :

“ In his large plates Ridinger … sometimes has included vegetable growth or rocks, too, dominantly in his illustrations indeed, but without decorative intention. The plants and rocks mean the thicket, the deserted loneliness of the forest, in which the strange tales among the animals happen. ”

Ridinger’s fable image then also a highly momentous milestone within the “basic corpus of about 900 editions of illustrated fable books” up to Chagall’s Lafontaine folio with its 100 etchings worked 200 years later as downright a glaring light for the immortality of the fable illustration. – More  of  these  highly  interesting  Ridinger  fables  here  in  stock .

Chronologically interesting in this connection interesting that on the other side of the channel in 1726 John Gay, famous-notorious for his “Beggars Opera” (Brecht, Threepenny Opera!), had presented by his Fables “the most important achieved hitherto by English poets in this kind” (Meyers Konvers.-Lex., 4th ed., VI, 960/II).

The watercolored original pen drawing in the same direction from the Weigel sale (not in the 1869 catalog of the bequeathed drawings), figuring as “Splendid, completely executed watercolor” per lot 110 on the 1890 Ridinger sale at Wawra in Vienna, now in a Bavarian Ridinger collection. That drawing in reverse used for the transfer on the copper-plate was on the market in the 1980s. And a executed study of the elephant in the 1990s in America.

Splendid  early  impression . – Above mostly trimmed on platemark, otherwise throughout with a little margin additionally to the fine white platemark itself. Brown stipples in the left ear of the elephant.

Offer no. 12,505 / EUR  649. / export price EUR  617. (c. US$ 665.) + shipping

Peacable ,

but  if  Necessary  of  Powerful  Savagery

Ridinger, Johann Elias (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). An American Bison as he fights off the attacking Bears. In light grotto with vista of a vastness interrupted by two rock formations

one  against  three ,

with  two  of  the  latter  practically  knock-out  already .

Etching + engraving by Martin Elias Ridinger (1731 Augsburg 1780). Inscribed: XVIII. / Ioh. Elias Ridinger, inv. et del. / M. El. Ridinger, sc. A. V., otherwise in German as above. 9⅞ × 13⅞ in (25.2 × 35.2 cm).

Thienemann + Schwarz 361. – Plate XVIII of the instructive work To the Special Events and Incidents at the Hunt published for subscription and concluded 1779 (“The rarest set of Ridinger’s sporting line engravings”, Schwerdt 1928) and etched in copper exclusively by Johann Elias’ eldest, Martin Elias, after predominantly his father’s designs.

With 14¼ × 21¼ in (36.3 × 54 cm) sheet size extremely wide-margined impression on laid paper uncut on three sides with typographic watermark and

with  the  Roman  number

(“If they are missing, so this points to later impressions”, Th.).

Offer no. 16,103 / EUR  1176. / export price EUR  1117. (c. US$ 1204.) + shipping

Hogarth, William (1697 London 1764). Four Prints of an Election. Set of 4 sheet engravings by Thomas Cook (c. 1744 – London 1818). Inscribed: Hogarth pinx(t). / T. Cook, sculp(t). / Published by Longman, Hurst, Rees(,) & Orme(,) (May 1st. 1807 – Oct. 1st. 1809). Subject size 5¾-6⅛ × 7⅜-7¾ in (14.6-15.5 × 18.8-19.7 cm).

1. Humours of an Election Entertainment. – 2. Canvassing for Votes. – 3. Polling at the Hustings. – 4. Chairing the Members.

Hogarth’s  famous set full of contemporary allusions – belonging to his “most mature creations” (Thieme-Becker) and here in Cook’s small repetition – is

William Hogarth / Canvassing for Votes

the  best  known  graphic  depiction  of  an  election  of  representatives .

Its origin in the classic country of parliamentarism imparts a particular significance to it. For it is at the same time – inspired by events in Oxfordshire during the elections of 1754, published 1755-58 – the portrait of not only corrupt politicians and parties, but of a rotten society as such. After all besides the usual feast and gorge documented on all plates as part of every election in Hogarth’s time bribery,

“ … first pursued systematically by Sir Robert Walpole and the Whigs, (was) practiced still far more scandalously than later; so it remained during the second half of the past century and till our days … Because then the possession of a parliamentary place was frequently regarded as a simple trade speculation, as the elected sold … his vote to the government for a sum of money, a sinecure, a post or a delivery, and thereupon could be re-elected by a  rotten borough, a procedure which was so much easier as the minister Walpole had raised such a bribery of the members of the parliament – ‘every man has his price’ – literally to a system of government. Also Hogarth’s present plates give allusions of this ”

(Lichtenberg). – And Thieme-Becker sum up:

“ … a delightful satire on the vice of bribery

and  the  demoralization  of  the  people  tied  to  that . ”

But beyond the fullness of allusions Hogarth puts a special stamp on the abjectness and venal partiality of the whole proceedings. As these plates, too, are together caricatures or parodies of classic – and by this pure and clean – works from the Renaissance and Baroque:

So the first leaf up to the caption – not included in this version anymore – “He that dippeth his hand with me in the dish, the same shall betray me” after Leonardo’s Last Supper. Followed by plate two with the farmer being bribed by both sides as inversion of The Choice of Hercules. The election itself in turn taking up Tizian’s Presentation of the Virgin while the last leaf, the triumphal march of the elected new member of the parliament, even alludes to Alexander the Great in Le Brun’s Victory of Alexander over Darius. Wherein the imperial eagle there had to give way to a goose here. Which by that what it lets fall even anticipates the new member’s contribution to the parliamentary debate.

This embedding in the canon of timeless art imparting to the set together and contrary to Lichtenberg’s reading that the pictures and their details were intelligible only from and in their own time

their  own  timelessness  valid  over  the  centuries .

Which is even stressed by Hogarth’ often ambiguous or – depending on time and position – differently interpretable sarcasm. – See also the following “A Country Inn Yard”, especially its analogous version 8,941.

Offer no. 8,895 / EUR  375. / export price EUR  356. (c. US$ 384.) + shipping

– – – The same. Set of 4 sheet steel engravings. C. 1850. Inscribed. 5⅛-5¼ × 6¼-6⅜ in (12.9-13.5 × 15.8-16.2 cm).

Offer no. 12,169 / EUR  249. (c. US$ 268.) + shipping

Hogarth, William (1697 London 1764). A Country Inn Yard (or The Election Procession in the Yard). The last travelers enter the overland stagecoach, the postilion already took the box, and the landlady acting as post-mistress urges for hurry by heavily ringing the bell. In the front a hunched small postilion asks a corpulent gentleman changing coaches here for a gratuity for the previous stage. Engraving. Inscribed: Design’d and Engrav’d by W. Hogarth. — Publish’d According to Act of Parliament. 1747. 8⅝ × 12¼ in (22 × 31 cm).

Nagler 30. – After the painting of 1747. – Regardless of the rich postal scene the actual happenings – in addition to the Four Prints of an Election before – concern the mockery of a

“ candidate  defeated  in  a  parliamentary  election ”

whose stuffed figure – as already in regard of the Duke of Newcastle on plate 1 of the Election set – is carried round in a procession of the opposing party. This all the more annoying as the defeat is caused by formalities, that is the yet barely missed age of the candidate, and thus was foreseeable. Accordingly unwillingly an agent of the unfortunate – a copy of the Act against bribery and corruption in his pocket – foots the bill for the wasted election entertainment to the landlord.

“ The well-known plate … shows with Dickens’ humour a comfortable depiction of rural petty bourgeoisie ”

(Thieme-Becker XVII, p. 297, 2).

Impression on strong paper from the plate retouched by the royal engraver James Heath (1757 London 1834) about 1822 (“Even these impressions have become relatively rare today though”, Art Gallery Esslingen 1970; and Meyers Konv.-Lex., 4th ed., VIII [1888], 625: “A fine edition”, esteemed also already by contemporary collectors of the rank of for instance an A. T. Stewart [Catalog of the Stewart Collection, New York 1887, 1221, “fine plates”]).

Offer no. 7,803 / EUR  135. (c. US$ 146.) + shipping

– – – The same in engraving by Thomas Cook (c. 1744 – London 1818). Inscribed: Hogarth pinxt. / T. Cook & Son sc. / Published by Longman, Hurst, Rees & Orme, May 1st. 1808. Subject size 4¾ × 6¾ in (12.2 × 17.1 cm).

Cook’s smaller version, engraved together with his son. – Trimmed within the wide white platemark.

Offer no. 8,941 / EUR  60. (c. US$ 65.) + shipping

– – – The same in engraving by Ernst Ludwig Riepenhausen (1765 Göttingen 1840). Inscribed: W. Hogarth pinx. 1747. / E. Riepenhausen sc. 8⅜ × 10½ in (21.3 × 26.7 cm).

Riepenhausen’s  works  after  Hogarth  ( “ very  valuable ” ) belong to his major work and are partially even preferred to those by Hogarth. – In regard of the especially fine, buff paper supposedly an impression for a special edition about 1830. – Margins somewhat age-spotted. Equally the image itself slightly.

Offer no. 7,804 / EUR  118. (c. US$ 127.) + shipping

Hogarth, William (1697 London 1764). The Politician. The politician reading the newspaper, holding the candle close to his eyes for better reading while not becoming aware of how it burns through his hat. Engraving by Thomas Cook (c. 1744 – London 1818). Inscribed: Hogarth pinxt. / T. Cook sculpt. / Published by Longman, Hurst, Rees, & Orme, July 1st. 1809., otherwise as above. Image size 7 × 5⅝ in (17.8 × 14.3 cm).

Cook’s (“made his mark as Hogarth engraver, too”, Thieme-Becker) smaller version. – Trimmed within the wide white platemark. – Barely perceptible slight fold in the lower image/platemark.

William Hogarth / The Politician

Published posthumously only the drawing alludes to the circumstances about 1730. The politician – by the way the then well-known London lace dealer Tibson – looking fascinatedly at the continental events of which the paper reports, while disregarding his own nearest problems indicated by his burning hat.

Offer no. 9,004 / EUR  189. (c. US$ 204.) + shipping

If  therefore  a  world  historic  turning-point  in  the  Indian  Punjab


2330  years  later  a  presidential  election  in  God’s  own  country ,

what  ever  occupies  your  mind

niemeyer’s  has  the  suitable  for  it

“ Thank you Mr. Niemeyer, The prints (you have delivered two weeks ago) are being framed right now. My framer is very particular (works for the National Gallery … ) and I am having a perfect frame made for the large Ridinger (the imperial stag hunt Th. 67). Best regards ”

(Mr. J. R. L., November 19, 2003)