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Rio de Janeiro

Brazil (detail map)
Braziliæ Regnum (8⅛ × 8⅛ in / 20.5 × 20.5 cm)

With “Mappa BRAZILIÆ REGNUM in America”

Portugalliæ et Algabriæ Regna cum … Mappa Brasiliæ Regnum in America Meredionali. With compass card, miles indicator, list of conventional signs, splendid title-cartouche (9⅝ × 10¼ in [24.5 × 26 cm]) with the coats of arms of both, naval review, Poseidon, Queen Maria Anna, Archduchess of Austria, pointing at a cornucopia of money in allusion to the Brazilian gold, ivory, garland of vine and fruit as well as text pedestal, explaining Portugal’s international possessions. Further with a

detail map of Brazil

from the Amazon delta to Santos (Saõ Paulo)

( 8⅛ × 8⅛ in / 20.5 × 20.5 cm )

with the 14 captaincies

Para , Maragnan , Siara (Tabaxares & Tiguares) , Rio Grande , Paraiba , Tamaraca , Pernambuco , Bahia , Ilheos , Porto Seguro , Spirito Santo , Rio Ianeiro und San Vincente as well as its own

indigenously decorated title-cartouche .

Colored map engraving by Matthäus Seutter I (1678-1757) at Augsburg. 19⅞ × 23 in (50.5 × 58.3 cm).

Added a double full-page

local index for Portugal as well as for Brazil

as a very useful, but rare special. – From the Vienna Seutter edition of 1736. – Cartouches in black & white as largely typical of the time right up to the Mauritius Atlas for the Grand Elector, the gift of John Maurice of Nassau-Siegen, the “Brazilian”. – In Europe up to Gibraltar – Málaga – Valladolid . – With Portuguese road net. – Of first quality .

Offer no. 8,588 / EUR  496. / export price EUR  471. (c. US$ 545.) + shipping

200 Years ago :
saw the Entrance of Rio Janeiro
“ at 8. saw the Entrance of Rio Janeiro
as likewise the hill called the Sugar Loaf …
came to an Anchor at Rio Janeiro in 10 & 11 fathoms. ”

Arrival at Rio de Janeiro

Haan, Hendrik de. Logbook of a Voyage from Hamburg to South America and back with the ship Faseta 1816-1818. English manuscript on paper. 104 unpag. ll. incl. 2 white interleaves, 92 ll. white. Contemporary smoothed black morocco with gilt back with title (Journal of a Voyage of the Ship Faseta to a. from Sth. Ameryca), ship + floral vignette, gilt ornamental border on both covers as well as gilt cover edges in brown slipcase. Gilt edges.

The back rubbed more under partial loss of the gilt tooling, covers and cover edges rubbed less except for a larger spot on each cover, the slipcase time-marked. One of the leaves filled with writing with dog’s ear, one white leaf rammed below. The leaves covered with writing paginated on the recto in pencil by a later hand except for the first title as well as a missed leaf, but including the two white interleaves. Aside from very isolated unessential finger marks of absolute freshness inside.

Hamburg — Rio de Janeiro — Buenos Aires — Hamburg

in a complete logbook of the complete voyage of a merchant ship by with respect to repeated specific spellings certainly a Dutch commander from the days when just these ships were used by the great South America travelers up to Johann Moriz Rugendas as the shining finale of an artist dynasty of several generations, setting out as a 19-year-old and till today downright tangible by his splendid Picturesque Journal through Brazil. – Subdivided as follows:

Journal of a Voyage from Hamburg towards South America in the Ship Faseta (Nov. 17, 1816 – Jan. 26, 1817). / Journal from Rio Janeiro towards Rio de la Plata (Feb. 13 – March 4, 1817). / Journal of a Voyage from Rio de la Plata towards Hamburg (Sep. 30, 1817 – Jan. 27, 1818).

Hendrik de Haan, Logbook of the Faseta Hamburg - Rio de Janeiro - Buenos Aires - Hamburg 1816-1818

Logbook written in brown ink on Pro Patria paper by the commander of the supposedly full-rigged Faseta during a voyage from Hamburg to Rio de Janeiro and Buenos Aires and back to Hamburg – the writing, throughout well readable even on storm days, cut only here and there quite unessentially – in predominantly tabular form. Underlinings + table grid in red ink as well as supporting lines in pencil. Lay-days and transfer days – but without pure harbor days – , but also periods of toilsome tackling in bad weather summarily two to three days per page, at sea one day each per page with notes for two times 12 hours. Below true course and fixed position, usually calculated by sun and/or moon, but also Fomalhaut (Dec. 29, 1816) and Regulus (Jan. 1, 1817).

Beside the nautical notes on courses, wind + weather, sails set, taken in, or reefed, variation of the azimuth, bearings of islands + coasts passed, anchor places + soundings as well as sea water received on deck remarks on other events at sea as embarkation and debarkation of pilots and customs officers, sails observed on the horizon or occasionally also spoken with ships, observations of birds, flying fish, or dolphins, and special activities on deck.

After passing through the Channel the voyage continues in generally fine, partly squally weather. December 13 + 14 Porto Santo + Madeira, the 17th/18th Palma are passed and after further good voyage land is seen again January 23, 1817, three days later

the anchor is cast at Rio de Janeiro:

Hendrik de Haan, Logbuch der Faseta Hamburg - Rio de Janeiro - Buenos Aires - Hamburg 1816-1818
»at 8. saw the Entrance of Rio Janeiro as likewise the hill called the Sugar Loaf …
came to an Anchor at Rio Janeiro in 10 & 11 fathoms»

“ At 6 AM saw the Land bearing WNW. At 8 AM Caap Frio (Cabo Frio). WSW dist. 4m. … at 8.

saw the Entrance of Rio Janeiro

as likewise the hill called the Sugar Loaf .

passed between two Islands called Pai & Maya (Mãe). At 7. PM Anchored by the Fort in 9 fathoms …

came to an Anchor at Rio Janeiro

“ Calm with hot Sultry weather. At 4. PM being cleared of the Customhouse boat. the Pilot came on board. At 5. weighed and made sail. at 7

came to an Anchor at Rio Janeiro in 10 & 11 fathoms. ”

After a one-month stay the further voyage to the Rio de la Plata and Buenos Aires begins with the embarkation of the pilot February 23, where the anchor is cast in the outer roads on the evening of March 4.

After a stay of almost seven months anchors are weighed September 30 and the Faseta sets out for the direct voyage back to Hamburg, reached after five months voyage in increasingly bad weather – winter North Atlantik – on February 27, 1818.

Especially by the plain recording of the nautical facts of a quite plain voyage beyond historic noise of discoveries and battles as well as of the small diversions in the life between storm + calm, setting reefs, taking sails in + setting sails, as there are the strange sails on the horizon, the dolphins, and the flying fish present logbook makes the

reality of seafaring 200 years ago the more lively .

And in such completeness of a whole voyage to and from with at the same time best readability and almost absolute freshness of the content

the special pleasure of the maritime collection .

Offer no. 28,860 / EUR  1980. / export price EUR  1881. (c. US$ 2177.) + shipping

Martin Elias Ridinger, Sloth

“ … in the Deserts
of Brazil and Mexico ”

Ridinger, Martin Elias (1731 Augsburg 1780). A Monkey with 3 Claws. / The Slow or Lazy Little Monkey. Both times the sloth. For once sitting chained to a block the Pale-Throated Sloth (Bradypus cuculliger, seu tridactylus), behind this on a palm the Unau (Choloepus didactylus) looking down to it. Before the block pumpkins. Colored etching with engraving. Inscribed: AI BRASILIENCIA et MEXICA. / UNAU, IGNAVUS VEL TARDIGRADUS. / Ein Affe mit 3 Klauen. / Das langsame od’ faule Äfflein. / Singe avez trois Ongles = / Singe paresseux ou Tardiff. / Familia I. Zwey zeege, und Familia II. Drey zeege. / Ridinger, sc. 12⅜ × 8¼ in (31.4 × 21 cm).

Thienemann & Schwarz 1039. – IN  THE  RIDINGERS’  ORIGINAL  COLORING  from the unnumbered Colored Animal Kingdom created since 1754 and concluded finally posthumously not before 1773 (“Complete copies are next to untraceable”, so Weigel, Art Cat., part XXVIII, Ridinger Appendix 63a as merely 120-sheet torso, 1857 ! , but also just individual plates quite rarely on the market only, at niemeyer’s presently nevertheless the one as the others). – Remaining uncolored contrary to the prospectus, a second edition from the plates shortened even under loss of animals and with modified titling and the Ridinger inscription removed, yet now numbered, was published by Engelbrecht/Herzberg in Augsburg 1824/25.

“ … hence only one animal remains for us … is found nowhere but in the hottest part of America. Such one is named: (1.) Unau, the slow or lazy monkey, sloth. The habitat of this animal actually is in the

deserts of Brazil and Mexico .

Although we had … the grace for long to deliver the representation of this animal, because we have not seen any of these alive ourselves yet; however, since it is just the only one which belongs to this order, we did not want to omit the representation of the same entirely and therefore decided to produce such from a painting from Romandy, in which various foreign animals were represented we already knew and appeared to have been painted from truth and nature …

2. Ai, sloth with three claws … this representation we owe to the kindness of Mr. Jele (Jakob Jehle [?] from Schwäbisch Gmünd, d. Regensburg 1602), the famous portrait painter formerly residing in Nuremberg, in the true and certain drawing of which there can be no doubt; The habitat of these animals is …

Brazil up towards Mexico

… only that the Ai rather can get some more exercise than the aforementioned Unau ”

(Ridinger’s sons in the preamble to pt. II, pp. 1 f., enclosed in copy).

The attribution of the work to Johann Elias’ eldest, Martin Elias, based on the notation considered here as individual – like a dot or comma between “Ridinger” and for instance “sc.” – as compared against such plates of the Animal Kingdom inscribed with his name.

With watermark C & I Honig as that sturdy Dutch quality paper Ridinger used in line with his preamble to the Principal Colors of Horses

“on account of the fine illumination” for the colored works

“as for this purpose it is the most decent and best”. – Margins on three sides 1.5-2.5 cm, below 4.5 cm wide. – Acid-freely backed 2-cm tear in the white margin upper left and outside the subject partially mostly just faintly age spotted.

Offer no. 15,964 / EUR  290. / export price EUR  276. (c. US$ 319.) + shipping

In the original Solander box as furnished only initially !

Rio de Janeiro
Johann Moritz Rugendas, Voyage Pittoresque dans le Brésil, plate I, 6
Entree de la rade de Rio-Janeiro

Gate to Brazil’s
Prodigal Magnificence

Rugendas, Johann Moritz. Malerische Reise in Brasilien (Voyage Pittoresque dans le Brésil). Paris, Engelmann, (1827-)35. Large folio (sheet size 13⅝ × 19⅞ in [34.5 × 50.5 cm]). 2 ll., 50, 38, 56, 32 pp. With

100 colored lithographs

after Rugendas. Full-size facsimile in the original colors enlarged with 8 ll. summary in Portuguese (9 pp.) and index (5 pp.) + imprint. 1986. Orig. h. leather with 5 ornamental raised bands and leather corners, marbled covers, color fly-leaves, as well as gilt edges in the orig. natural (light-grey) cloth Solander box (Schumacher Inc. Berne).

Johann Moritz Rugendas, Vue de Rio-Janeiro prise de la Rade
Vue de Rio-Janeiro prise de la Rade

No. 14/950 copies of the ordinary edition (total edition 1050 copies furnished with the Solander box initially only). – One plate (pt. IV, 2) with two tiny folds in the wide white lower margin, otherwise impeccable.

The wonderful suite of matchless impressions

“ (which) came into Darwin’s mind again when he (1832) entered the South American jungle … (and)

whose tropical wood

Johann Moriz Rugendas, Brazilian Jungle
Forèt vierge près Manqueritipo dans la province de Rio de Janeiro

had impressed Darwin so much …

(and) still was on his mind when in the forties and fifties he

quietly worked out the Theory of Evolution for himself ”

(Julia Voss in Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung of July 1, 2008).

Johann Moritz Rugendas, Nègresses de Rio-Janeiro
Nègresses de Rio-Janeiro
Johann Moritz Rugendas, Costumes de Rio Janeiro
Costumes de Rio Janeiro

Perfectly reproduced in a special screenless phototype process. – Subdivided in landscapes – portraits and costumes – manners and customs of the Red Indians – life of the Europeans – manners and customs of the Negroes . – Published by Gottfried Engelmann (1788-1839), who had introduced lithography in Paris in 1816 after having learned it at the inventor Senefelder himself in Munich. – Text in German.

Johann Moritz Rugendas, Vue de Rio-Janeiro
Vue der Rio-Janeiro, prise près de l’Eglise de Notre-Dame de la Gloire

The wonderful yield of Johann Mori(t)z Rugendas’

(Augsburg 1802 – Weilheim 1858) first voyage (1821-1825), which he started together with the Russian Privy Councillor and Prussian consul general in Rio de Janeiro, Georg Heinrich von Langsdorff, into the interior of Brazil to capture the peculiarities of the country. Though this connection did not last it was the beginning for his multiple decades-long own voyages through Central and South America resulting in a plenty of drawings “of highest interest. In the characteristic and natural representation of humans, animals and plants of strange, first tropical countries only few could be placed at his side”. And already the work here

Johann Moritz Rugendas, Plantation Chinoise de Thè
Plantation Chinoise de Thè, dans le Jardin Botanique de Rio-Janeiro

“ … made the artist famous, (its illustrations) showing humans and animals, districts and the luxuriant vegetation of that country in full truth and faithfulness ”

(Nagler).

That it remained his one and only publication

Johann Moritz Rugendas, Vue de la Montagne de Corcovado
Vue de la Montagne de Corcovado et du Faubourg de Cadete, prise de la Carrière

bestows its so infinite value upon it .

Offer no. 29,055 / EUR  1580. / export price EUR  1501. (c. US$ 1737.) + shipping

Johann Moritz Rugendas, Vue de Rio-Janeiro
Vue de Rio-Janeiro, prise de l’Acqueduc

– – – The same as no. 889/950 copies of the ordinary edition in the original solander box (sic!). – A slight scratch mark of c. 1 cm in the fore edge hardly worth mentioning aside perfect.

Offer no. 29,062 / EUR  1580. / export price EUR  1501. (c. US$ 1737.) + shipping

Aquila Arpia. Vultur Arpya

Most common throughout Brazil

Gavião-Real , the Royal Hawk

Largest & Most Powerful Raptor in the Americas

Eagle – Aquila Arpia. Vultur Arpya. The mighty harpy with a hunted antelope (?) in the claws on tropically overgrown glade in front of a rock. Watercolored chalk lithograph. C. 1870. 12½ × 8⅜ in (31.6 × 21.4 cm).

With dry stamp “Raimondo Petraroja Librajo / Enciclopedia d’istruzione / e di / educacione” in the lower margin. There also a small faint tidemark and some little fox spots. – Repaired tear in the white margin left above.

Offer no. 11,638 / EUR  189. (c. US$ 219.) + shipping

Brazil - Slave Theft / Rio de Janeiro , December 19, 1823
Warrant for 3 Slave Thieves & 20 Slaves
Rio de Janeiro, December 19, 1823

60 Years
Slave Life in Brazil

7 Highly Rare Original Documents

Seven Documents on Slavery in Brazil. Dec. 19, 1823 – Sep. 2, 1884. Autograph writing on paper (2) and lined paper (3) resp. as well as printed form filled out by hand (2). 8vo – sm. fol., 3 of which on double leaf.

Cultural-historically important block from the late period of one of the darkest chapters of the history of humanity. Its closure was “first suggested by the Quakers” (Meyer’s Konversations-Lexikon) and starting with the English parliament in 1788 it received increasing proscription, though it continued to make history for another hundred years, finding a bloody closure in North America in 1865 due to the civil war there while it took about another generation in the case of Brazil here. And even the Holy See had taken its stand against the slavery only in 1839 and in such a way 16 years after the 1823 first document here.

In their sequence given here present thematically wide-ranged Brazilian documents thus are

exemplary evidences

of a gradual break with slavery there , too ,

effected not least also by social and demographic changes. So according to a census already in 1872 about three quarters of all Africans and Brazilians of African descent were free: the widespread Portuguese practice of manumission – frequently through self-purchase as also documented below – as a means of getting workers for somewhat more responsible occupations like overseers, cowboys or muleteers as well as the fact that children of free mothers also were free had eroded slavery since long. Furthermore in the end employing white workers had frequently become cheaper than purchase and keeping of black slaves.

Their quite essential additional value

the present Brazilian unique items receive , however ,

by the fact that two years after the now final abolition of slavery in Brazil effected in 1888 by Emperor Pedro II – preceded by contracts with England of already 1826 + 1830 and the slave emancipation act of 1871 –

“ all documents related to the slave trade

were ordered burned

by the (now republican) government as an attempt to erase slavery from the face of Brazilian history ”

(Daniel Ruiz-Rosario, Grupo Capoeira Brasil San Antonio Texas).

Brazil - Letter of Liberation Brazil - Letter of Liberation
Letter of Liberation for “72 … slaves of both sexes”
Fazenda da Onça em São José do Barreiro, September 2, 1884

So far the historical context of present documents. Starting with the copy of a warrant for three slave thieves and their booty of 20 heads (Rio de Janeiro, December 19, 1823), followed by the nomination of a “captain’o’weeds” (capitão do mato) in the district of Serra (March 7 1832), a policecircular on behalf of caption and hand over of a slave from Itú (São Paulo, March 20, 1855), the marriage certificate of the curate of Queluz on the effected marriage of a slave couple from Naçãe (April 24, 1865), the letter of freedom for the half of an inherited female mulatto slave (Barreiro, January 3, 1878), the partially received invoice on prison costs to the owner of slave João imprisoned for 10 days (Casa de Detenção da Corte, Jun 8, 1878). Concluded by a letter of liberation for 72 slaves “of both sexes nominated below” of the Fazenda da Onça in São José do Barreiro after completion of “the debt of gratitude amounting to their value in services or money … to my creditors” (September 2, 1884).

In this thematic width of variation already of great charm of its own

and specifically just for Brazil’s history as globally also cultural and social historically of general importance, the papers present here gain even quite considerable additional value as – it may be repeated – due to the destruction of all relevant material ordered by the government in 1890 only

“ few documents about slavery in Brazil exist today ”

(Daniel Ruiz-Rosario).

Thus the chance of an in this regard great collection enhancement by even a whole block of documents is obvious and proven. – See the complete description.

Offer no. 28,681 / price on application

Johann Elias Ridinger, Armadillos

Endemic to Northeast Brazil

The Brazilian Three-banded Armadillo

Ridinger, Johann Elias (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). Shield Piglet or Armor Animal. The former on a low rock to the right, the other on the ground to the left. Colored etching with engraving. Inscribed: ARMADILLA Orientalis. / * TATU porcinus, TATU simplie: / ** TATU porcinus, omnium pulcherimus. / Ventres pilosi optime observati. // Schild-Ferkel / oder Panzer-Thier. // Cochon écaillé / ou cuirassé. // Familia III. Vierzähige. // J. El. Ridinger fec. et exc. A. V. 12⅜ × 8⅜ in (31.5 × 21.2 cm).

Thienemann & Schwarz 1042. – IN  THE  RIDINGERS’  ORIGINAL  COLORING  from the unnumbered Colored Animal Kingdom created since 1754 and concluded finally posthumously not before 1773 (“Complete copies are next to untraceable”, so Weigel, Art Cat., part XXVIII, Ridinger Appendix 63a as merely 120-sheet torso, 1857 ! , but also just individual plates quite rarely on the market only, at niemeyer’s presently nevertheless the one as the others). – Remaining uncolored contrary to the prospectus, a second edition from the plates shortened even under loss of animals and with modified titling and the Ridinger inscription removed, yet now numbered, was published by Engelbrecht/Herzberg in Augsburg 1824/25.

Ridinger, Armadillos (detail)
Armadillos: on the right the Brazilian three-banded armadillo (detail)

“ Which Armadillo a) shall depict I am unable to determine, b) is the

Brazilian three-banded armadillo ,

Dasypus tricinctus (= endemic to the northeast of Brazil and rarest species of armadillos) ”

(Thienemann).

Watermarked Strasbourg fleur-de-lis above arms + C & I Honig as that sturdy Dutch quality paper Ridinger used in line with his preamble to the Principal Colors of Horses

“on account of the fine illumination” for the colored works

“as for this purpose it is the most decent and best”. – Margins on three sides 2-2.7 cm, below 4.5 cm wide. – Some small brown stains/spots almost only in the left white paper margin.

Offer no. 16,138 / EUR  430. / export price EUR  409. (c. US$ 473.) + shipping


“ I have no need to ask reference about you because I know your name like one of the best on the market. Thank you again for your request and my best regards ”

(Sig. U. B., October 30, 2009)